Yoshiro Hayashi

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There is a global crisis of antibiotic resistance in part because of the collateral damage of antibiotic use. Reduction in antibiotic consumption is clearly important to minimize this problem. Limiting treatment duration may be the most clinically palatable means of reducing antibiotic consumption. Antimicrobial stewardship programs play an important role(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Thoracic esophagectomy is one of the most invasive operations, and it is necessary to have a precise understanding of postoperative hemodynamics in order to maintain normal circulation. PiCCO (pulse contour cardiac output, Pulsion Medical Systems; Munich, Germany), a new technique based on an arterial thermodilution technique, allows the(More)
β-Lactams are routinely prescribed in the treatment of serious infections. Empirical dosing schedules are typically derived from studies in healthy volunteers and largely fail to consider the significant changes in antibacterial pharmacokinetics often encountered in the critically ill. These changes are primarily driven by the underlying pathophysiology and(More)
Carbapenem resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae is most notably due to the K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) β-lactamase. In this report, we describe the occurrence of a newly described mechanism of carbapenem resistance, the NDM-1 β-lactamase, in a patient who received medical attention (but was not hospitalized) in India.
BACKGROUND Hospitals and quality improvement agencies are vigorously focusing on reducing rates of hospital-acquired infection. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is notoriously difficult to diagnose and surveillance is thwarted by the subjectivity of many components of the surveillance definition. Alternative surveillance strategies are needed.(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Piperacillin-tazobactam is a frequently prescribed intravenous antibiotic for moderate to severe infections used in hospital settings because of its broad activity against many pathogenic bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, its pharmacokinetics (PK) can be significantly altered in a variety of states. AREAS COVERED(More)
Management of patients with a history of healthcare contact in multiple countries is now a reality for many clinicians. Leisure tourism, the burgeoning industry of medical tourism, military conflict, natural disasters, and changing patterns of human migration may all contribute to this emerging epidemiological trend. Such individuals may be both vectors and(More)
The present study was conducted to elucidate the role of activin A in capillary formation. When bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) were cultured in a collagen gel, basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) induced tube formation. Activin A also induced tube formation and the addition of two factors together was more effective. BAEC produced both FGF-2 and(More)
PMX-F, which was developed in Japan, is a potential therapeutic option for severe sepsis and septic shock. Despite positive effects on surrogate outcomes, demonstrated in methodologically suboptimal preliminary studies, its benefit on mortality remains unclear. Surprisingly, this expensive investigational therapy has been reimbursed by the Japanese National(More)
At present there is a profound paradox in antimicrobial use and development in Japan. A tightly held domestic pharmaceutical market with significant barriers to the importation and registration of foreign agents, has spurred domestic pharmaceutical companies to develop a vast range of antimicrobials. Many Japanese developed antimicrobials are now used(More)