Yoshiro Aoki

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PG490 (triptolide) is a diterpene triepoxide with potent immunosuppressive and antiinflammatory properties. PG490 inhibits interleukin(IL)-2 expression by normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and antibody to CD3 (IC50 of 10 ng/ml), and with PMA and ionomycin (Iono, IC50 of 40 ng/ml). In Jurkat(More)
In 16HBE transformed human bronchial epithelial cells, histamine stimulated interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA and protein secretion, and this histamine stimulation was inhibited by the H1-receptor antagonist diphenhydramine (DPH), by the inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) MK-886, by the 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor Zileuton, and by dexamethasone.(More)
The molecular mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effect of erythromycin (EM) was investigated at the level of transcriptional regulation of cytokine gene expression in T cells. EM (>10(-6) M) significantly inhibited interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression but not IL-2 expression from T cells induced with 20 ng of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) per ml plus 2(More)
The Brugia pahangi infective larval response to jird serum was studied using an agar plate assay. Larvae placed onto the agar remained at the same place for 60 min. Once the larvae were stimulated by serum, more than 95% oriented towards the serum and reached it within few minutes. This larval response was inhibited by an activator of phosphodiesterase(More)
Activities of mitochondrial enzymes in blood cells from 69 patients with primary sideroblastic anemia were determined to elucidate the pathogenesis of the disease. In erythroblasts of patients with primary acquired type the activities of both delta-aminolevulinic acid synthetase and mitochondrial serine protease were inevitably decreased. The susceptibility(More)
Phosphorylation of c-Jun was stimulated in primary cultured rat liver parenchymal cells by treatment with a coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl congener, 3,3'4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PenCB), as well as by epidermal growth factor, but was not stimulated by the non-coplanar form. However, the amount of c-Jun mRNA did not increase with PenCB treatment. PenCB(More)
Tissue fibrosis is the primary cause of long-term graft failure after organ transplantation. In lung allografts, progressive terminal airway fibrosis leads to an irreversible decline in lung function termed bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Here, we have identified an autocrine pathway linking nuclear factor of activated T cells 2 (NFAT1), autotaxin(More)
A crude extract of the fat-bodies of third-instar larvae of Sarcophaga peregrina (fleshfly) was found to contain latent RNAase (ribonuclease) consisting of RNAase and inhibitor protein that is sensitive to p-chloromercuribenzoic acid. The RNAase activity in the crude extract of fat-bodies became detectable with time after puparium formation, indicating that(More)