Yoshio Yamakawa

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A low molecular weight type of atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (L-BSE) was transmitted to two cynomolgus macaques by intracerebral inoculation of a brain homogenate of cattle with atypical BSE detected in Japan. They developed neurological signs and symptoms at 19 or 20 months post-inoculation and were euthanized 6 months after the onset of total(More)
We have developed a novel procedure in which a small collagen sheet (3 mm x 3 mm) absorbing prion-infected brain homogenates was transplanted onto the brain surface of highly prion-susceptible transgenic mice (Tg(MoPrP)4053/FVB), as an animal model of iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (iCJD) caused by prion-contaminated cadaveric dura graft(More)
We recently reported the intraspecies transmission of L-type atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). To clarify the peripheral pathogenesis of L-type BSE, we studied prion distribution in nerve and lymphoid tissues obtained from experimentally challenged cattle. As with classical BSE prions, L-type BSE prions accumulated in central and peripheral(More)
For immunohistochemistry of the prion diseases, several pretreatment methods to enhance the immunoreactivity of human and animal abnormal proteinase-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) on the tissue sections have been employed. The method of 121 degree C hydrated autoclaving pretreatment or the combination method of 121 degree C hydrated autoclaving with a(More)
BACKGROUND Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders that accompany an accumulation of the disease-associated form(s) of prion protein (PrPSc) in the central nervous system. The neuropathological changes in the brain begin with focal deposits of PrPSc, followed by pathomorphological abnormalities of axon terminal degeneration, synaptic loss,(More)
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