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We have previously shown that interferon regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2) is acetylated by p300 and PCAF in vivo and in vitro. In this study we identified, by mass spectrometry, two lysine residues in the DNA binding domain (DBD), Lys-75 and Lys-78, to be the major acetylation sites in IRF-2. Although acetylation of IRF-2 did not alter DNA binding activity in(More)
Dominant-negative mouse prion protein (PrP) with a lysine mutation at codon 218 (Q218K) is known to inhibit prion replication. In order to gain further mechanistic insight into such dominant negative inhibition, non-glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored recombinant PrP with Q218K (rPrP-Q218K) was investigated. When applied into scrapie-infected mouse(More)
Three 80- to 95-month-old Holstein dairy cattle infected naturally with the agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and slaughtered at abattoirs in Japan were examined for the distribution of disease-specific and protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot (WB) analyses. The cattle showed no clinical(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein has been suggested to play crucial roles in the pathogeneses of liver steatosis and hepatocellular carcinomas due to HCV infection. Intracellular HCV core protein is localized mainly in lipid droplets, in which the core protein should exert its significant biological/pathological functions. In this study, we performed(More)
The recent identification of several atypical cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) has raised the possibility of the existence of distinct strains of BSE agents, arguing against the previous notion that BSE is caused by a single strain. To date, at least, two atypical types (L and H) of agent have been reported based on the molecular sizes of the(More)
Fission yeast lsd1 strains show aberrant mitosis with a lsd phenotype, large and small daughter nuclei, and a very thick septum, the phenotypic expression being temperature-sensitive. The lsd1(+) gene is the homologue of the budding yeast FAS2 gene encoding the fatty acid synthase alpha-subunit as reported previously (S. Saitoh, K. Takahashi, K. Nabeshima,(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein is a major component of viral nucleocapsid and a multifunctional protein involved in viral pathogenesis and hepatocarcinogenesis. We previously showed that the HCV core protein is degraded through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. However, the molecular machinery for core ubiquitylation is unknown. Using tandem affinity(More)
A case of L-type-like atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy was detected in 14-year-old Japanese black beef cattle (BSE/JP24). To clarify the biological and biochemical properties of the prion in BSE/JP24, we performed a transmission study with wild-type mice and bovinized transgenic mice (TgBoPrP). The BSE/JP24 prion was transmitted to TgBoPrP mice(More)
Papillomaviral E2 genes encode proteins that regulate viral transcription. While the full-length bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) E2 peptide is a strong trans activator, the homologous full-length E2 product of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) appeared to vary in function in previous studies. Here we show that when expressed from comparable(More)