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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein has been suggested to play crucial roles in the pathogeneses of liver steatosis and hepatocellular carcinomas due to HCV infection. Intracellular HCV core protein is localized mainly in lipid droplets, in which the core protein should exert its significant biological/pathological functions. In this study, we performed(More)
We have previously shown that interferon regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2) is acetylated by p300 and PCAF in vivo and in vitro. In this study we identified, by mass spectrometry, two lysine residues in the DNA binding domain (DBD), Lys-75 and Lys-78, to be the major acetylation sites in IRF-2. Although acetylation of IRF-2 did not alter DNA binding activity in(More)
A case of L-type-like atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy was detected in 14-year-old Japanese black beef cattle (BSE/JP24). To clarify the biological and biochemical properties of the prion in BSE/JP24, we performed a transmission study with wild-type mice and bovinized transgenic mice (TgBoPrP). The BSE/JP24 prion was transmitted to TgBoPrP mice(More)
Dominant-negative mouse prion protein (PrP) with a lysine mutation at codon 218 (Q218K) is known to inhibit prion replication. In order to gain further mechanistic insight into such dominant negative inhibition, non-glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored recombinant PrP with Q218K (rPrP-Q218K) was investigated. When applied into scrapie-infected mouse(More)
Three 80- to 95-month-old Holstein dairy cattle infected naturally with the agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and slaughtered at abattoirs in Japan were examined for the distribution of disease-specific and protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot (WB) analyses. The cattle showed no clinical(More)
The recent identification of several atypical cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) has raised the possibility of the existence of distinct strains of BSE agents, arguing against the previous notion that BSE is caused by a single strain. To date, at least, two atypical types (L and H) of agent have been reported based on the molecular sizes of the(More)
Papillomaviral E2 genes encode proteins that regulate viral transcription. While the full-length bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) E2 peptide is a strong trans activator, the homologous full-length E2 product of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) appeared to vary in function in previous studies. Here we show that when expressed from comparable(More)
Infection with Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7, which causes diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis in humans, often results in fatal systemic complications, such as neurological damage and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Because Stx circulating in the blood is a major causative factor of these complications, the development of a Stx neutralizer(More)
Fission yeast lsd1 strains show aberrant mitosis with a lsd phenotype, large and small daughter nuclei, and a very thick septum, the phenotypic expression being temperature-sensitive. The lsd1(+) gene is the homologue of the budding yeast FAS2 gene encoding the fatty acid synthase alpha-subunit as reported previously (S. Saitoh, K. Takahashi, K. Nabeshima,(More)