Yoshio Yamakawa

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Angiotensin II (Ang II) is now believed to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of hypertrophy and/or hyperplasia of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Several G(i)- and G(q)-coupled receptors, including the Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor, activate Rho and Rho-associated kinase in Swiss 3T3 cells and cardiac myocytes. However, little is known about(More)
The production of interleukin 8 (IL-8), a neutrophil chemotactic factor, and its amino acid sequence were examined in glioblastoma cell lines in vitro. Neutrophil chemotactic activity was demonstrated in 9 conditioned media of 15 human glioblastoma cell lines. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha stimulated secretion of the activity in 7 lines and induced(More)
A low molecular weight type of atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (L-BSE) was transmitted to two cynomolgus macaques by intracerebral inoculation of a brain homogenate of cattle with atypical BSE detected in Japan. They developed neurological signs and symptoms at 19 or 20 months post-inoculation and were euthanized 6 months after the onset of total(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is responsible for initiating host responses leading to septic shock, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is thought to be its primary mediator. In addition, TNF alpha is one of the major components of the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in various conditions. It has been shown that LPS induced TNF alpha production in rat(More)
We cloned cDNAs of a novel protein (designated V-1) that has been identified from among the developmentally regulated proteins in the rat cerebellum. Protein sequencing analysis (Taoka, M., Yamakuni, T., Song, S.-Y., Yamakawa, Y., Seta, K., Okuyama, T., and Isobe, T. (1992) Eur. J. Biochem. 207, 615-620) and cDNA sequence analysis revealed that the V-1(More)
We recently reported the intraspecies transmission of L-type atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). To clarify the peripheral pathogenesis of L-type BSE, we studied prion distribution in nerve and lymphoid tissues obtained from experimentally challenged cattle. As with classical BSE prions, L-type BSE prions accumulated in central and peripheral(More)
We have developed a novel procedure in which a small collagen sheet (3 mm x 3 mm) absorbing prion-infected brain homogenates was transplanted onto the brain surface of highly prion-susceptible transgenic mice (Tg(MoPrP)4053/FVB), as an animal model of iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (iCJD) caused by prion-contaminated cadaveric dura graft(More)
For immunohistochemistry of the prion diseases, several pretreatment methods to enhance the immunoreactivity of human and animal abnormal proteinase-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) on the tissue sections have been employed. The method of 121 degree C hydrated autoclaving pretreatment or the combination method of 121 degree C hydrated autoclaving with a(More)
A chemotactic protein for polymorphonuclear leukocytes (lung carcinoma-derived chemotaxin [LUCT]) was purified from culture fluid of the human lung giant cell carcinoma LU65C cells to electrophoretically homogeneous form through five sequential purification steps: DEAE-Sepharose, CM-Sepharose, HPLC on carboxyl-methylated-polyvinylalcohol resin, hydrophobic,(More)
The presence of glia maturation factor (GMF)-like activity was demonstrated in rat astrocytoma cells (C6 cells). The extracts of C6 cells enhanced the DNA synthesis of cultured glioblasts 3-fold at the maximum, inducing such morphological changes as extrusion of processes. C6 cells also showed a proliferative response to the extracts, though the(More)