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Clinical manifestations of 102 cases with the Crow- Fukase syndrome (the syndrome of polyneuropathy, anasarca, skin changes, endocrinopathy, dysglobulinemia, and organomegaly), with or without myeloma, were reviewed. Fifty-six cases with myeloma consisted of 31 with osteosclerotic, 17 with mixed osteosclerotic and osteolytic, and 8 with osteolytic.(More)
Although sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) is reportedly involved in diverse cellular processes and the physiological roles of this bioactive sphingolipid have been strongly suggested, few studies have revealed the presence of Sph-1-P in human samples, including body fluids and cells, under physiological conditions. In this study, we identified Sph-1-P as a(More)
Voltage-sensitive ion channels play fundamental roles in the regulation of cardiac function by various neurotransmitters. Endothelins have strong positive inotropic and chronotropic effects, for which recent studies have implicated various intracellular mechanisms. However, very little is known about the underlying ion-channel regulation by the peptide. We(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) is a bioactive sphingolipid, acting both as an intracellular second messenger and extracellular mediator, in mammalian cells. In cell types where Sph-1-P acts as an intracellular messenger, stimulation-dependent synthesis of Sph-1-P, possibly resulting from sphingosine (Sph) kinase activation, is essential. Since this(More)
The beta-chemokine RANTES was measured in plasma in 43 patients with breast cancer and in 23 patients with cervical cancer, and the RANTES content in primary tumors, tumor metastatic to lymph nodes, and clinically normal skin or pelvic mucosa was measured. In addition, plasma levels were determined in all of the patients for the platelet-derived chemokine(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in the immune responses against infections by sensing microbial invasion through toll-like receptors (TLRs). In humans, two distinct DC subsets, CD11c(-) plasmacytoid DCs (PDCs) and CD11c(+) myeloid DCs (MDCs), have been identified and can respond to different TLR ligands, depending on the differential expression of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It is known that allelic variants of the gene encoding the vitamin-D receptor (VDR) detected by BsmI increase the risk of some advanced malignant tumors, suggesting that such variants may cause functional differences in 1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D(3). We examined the VDR genes of Japanese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE Sphingosine 1-phosphate is a naturally occurring biologically active lysophospholipid. Recent studies suggested that sphingosine 1-phosphate is released into the blood flow from activated platelets upon stimulation to exert multiple biological phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of sphingosine 1-phosphate on sinus(More)
Recent studies have indicated that sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) is released into the blood flow from activated platelets upon stimulation to exhibit a wide spectrum of biological functions. The purpose of the present study was to assess the acute cardiovascular effects of circulating Sph-1-P in the in vivo rat model. Intravenous administration of(More)
Mastoparan induced limited release of serotonin from intact human platelets, while neither intracellular calcium ion elevation nor arachidonic acid mobilization was observed. Cytolysis induced by mastoparan was negligible in the concentration range that induced serotonin release. In digitonin-permeabilized cells, mastoparan induced Ca(++)-independent(More)