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PURPOSE To investigate the efficacy of erlotinib versus docetaxel in previously treated patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) -unselected patient population. PATIENTS AND METHODS The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end points included overall survival (OS),(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-15 (IL-15), which shares many functional activities of IL-2, is proposed as a potential modulator of T and natural killer (NK) cell-mediated inflammatory diseases. Since IL-15 gene is expressed in various cell types including epithelial cells, we examined how proinflammatory modulators affect IL-15 gene expression in both freshly(More)
We here report a rare case of a patient with IgD-lambda-positive multiple myeloma presenting with FDG-PET/CT negative bone marrow involvement. A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of a paravertebral tumor of the chest. Thoracotomy was performed and a histopathological evaluation of resected intrathoracic tumor demonstrated a(More)
AIM The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of weekly paclitaxel (PTX) combined with carboplatin (CBDCA) plus bevacizumab (BEV), followed by maintenance BEV in patients with advanced NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with unresectable stage IIIB and IV NSCLC (n=43) were treated with CBDCA (AUC 6, day 1), BEV (15 mg/kg, day 1),(More)
Although cigarette smoking is a recognized cause of acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), and an increase in eosinophils in the lung is a common occurrence in AEP, early-phase neutrophilia in AEP is not well understood. We describe three cases of cigarette smoke (menthol type)-induced AEP with neutrophilia in the lungs or blood. Increased in-vitro production(More)
AIM To evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of the consolidation therapy of the oral fluoropyrimidine agent S-1 after concurrent chemoradiotherapy for unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Eligible patients had unresectable stage III NSCLC with performance status of 0 or 1. Chemoradiotherapy at a total dose of 60 Gy consisted(More)
Smoking causes various changes in the lung. This report describes a case of cigarette smoke-induced acute eosinophilic pneumonia (CS-AEP) with neutrophilia in the blood. However, the precise mechanism is unknown, so we examined the effect of exposure to cigarette smoke extracts on the production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-8, IL-18, granulocyte(More)
Complete situs inversus is a rare abnormality of autosomal recessive inheritance; it requires particular care during surgery, because the viscus anatomy is a mirror image of the normal anatomy. Reports of surgery for lung cancer in cases of complete situs inversus are very rare. Here, we report a case of lobectomy for lung cancer of the right lower lobe(More)
An 83-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain. Examination revealed mediastinal lymphoadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, and infiltration of abnormal cells into the bone marrow with hemophagocytosis, and CD5-positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma was diagnosed. Chemotherapy was administered and progressive weakness of the limbs,(More)