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We describe a Drosophila gene, orbit, that encodes a conserved 165-kD microtubule-associated protein (MAP) with GTP binding motifs. Hypomorphic mutations in orbit lead to a maternal effect resulting in branched and bent mitotic spindles in the syncytial embryo. In the larval central nervous system, such mutants have an elevated mitotic index with some(More)
Recent studies of various cancers, such as those of the breast, head and neck, bladder and lung, reported that 46-64% of somatic mutations in the D-loop region of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are observed. However, in esophageal cancer, only a low rate (5%) of somatic mutations has so far been reported in one article (Hibi, K. et al., Int J Cancer(More)
We developed the energy and its gradient for the self-consistent-charge density-functional tight-binding (DFTB) method, combined with the fragment molecular orbital (FMO) approach, FMO-DFTB, including an optional a posteriori treatment for dispersion interaction, and evaluated its accuracy as well as computational efficiency for a set of representative(More)
Carbon nanotubes have long been described as rolled-up graphene sheets. It is only fairly recently observed that longitudinal cleavage of carbon nanotubes, using chemical, catalytical and electrical approaches, unzips them into thin graphene strips of various widths, the so-called graphene nanoribbons. In contrast, rolling up these flimsy ribbons into tubes(More)
We previously reported that loss of heterozygosity on 13q12-13 is related with poor prognosis of esophageal cancer. However, a target tumor-suppressor gene on this region is not yet identified. Recently, LATS2, a new human homologue of the Drosophila tumor suppressor gene (lats/warts) was identified on 13q11-12. We therefore screened esophageal tumor cell(More)
We have shown that L-myc genotype is associated with the risk of esophageal cancer from smoking and heavy drinking. In this study, we have analyzed the relationship between the L-myc genotypes and lung cancer risk from smoking in 191 Japanese lung-cancer patients and 241 non-cancer controls. The odds ratios (ORs) were markedly higher in SS and LS genotypes(More)
The analytic hyperpolarizability and polarizability derivative with fractional occupation numbers are derived using Wigner's 2n + 1 rule. The formulation contains no terms that blow up for quasi-degenerate systems. The density-functional tight-binding method is used for implementation, which makes it possible to compute these third-order derivatives for(More)
Accounting for solvent effects in quantum chemical calculations is vital for the accurate description of potential energy surfaces in solution. In this study, we derive a formulation of the analytical first-order geometrical derivative of ground- and excited-state energies within the time-dependent density-functional tight-binding (TD-DFTB) method with the(More)
The analytic second derivative of the energy is developed for the fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method combined with density-functional tight-binding (DFTB), enabling simulations of infrared and Raman spectra of large molecular systems. The accuracy of the method is established in comparison to full DFTB without fragmentation for a set of representative(More)
The three-body fragment molecular orbital (FMO3) method is formulated for density-functional tight-binding (DFTB). The energy, analytic gradient, and Hessian are derived in the gas phase, and the energy and analytic gradient are also derived for polarizable continuum model. The accuracy of FMO3-DFTB is evaluated for five proteins, sodium cation in explicit(More)