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Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) confers multidrug resistance to cancer cells against agents such as SN-38 (an active metabolite of irinotecan), mitoxantrone, and topotecan. Among 59 human tumor cell lines tested, 6 cell lines, A549, NCI-H460, KM-12, HT-29, OVCAR-5, and RPMI8226, showed high BCRP expression. BCRP cDNA was isolated from 11 cancer cell(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the most versatile DNA repair system that deals with the major UV photoproducts in DNA, as well as many other DNA adducts. The early steps of NER are well understood, whereas the later steps of repair synthesis and ligation are not. In particular, which polymerases are definitely involved in repair synthesis and how they(More)
The HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope is characteristically expressed on a series of cell adhesion molecules and also on some glycolipids in the nervous system over a wide range of species from insect to mammal. The HNK-1 epitope is involved in cell-cell and/or cell-substrate interaction and recognition during the development of the nervous system. In this study,(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a reversible and dynamic process hypothesized to be co-opted by carcinoma during invasion and metastasis. Yet, there is still no quantitative measure to assess the interplay between EMT and cancer progression. Here, we derived a method for universal EMT scoring from cancer-specific transcriptomic EMT signatures of(More)
The breast cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA2) is localized mainly in the nucleus where it plays an important role in DNA damage repair. Some BRCA2 protein is also present in the centrosome. Here, we demonstrate that BRCA2 interacts with plectin, a cytoskeletal cross-linker protein, and that this interaction controls the position of the centrosome.(More)
Although the centrosome has an essential role in mitosis, its molecular components have not been fully elucidated. Here, we describe the molecular cloning and characterization of the human gene NTKL, which encodes an evolutionarily conserved kinase-like protein. NTKL mRNA is found ubiquitously in human tissues. NTKL is located on 11q13 and is mapped around(More)
HYPOTHESIS There have been few reports on the minimum surgical margins (SMs) required for successful liver resection in patients with colorectal metastases. This minimum requirement may be narrower than the previously recommended margin of 10 mm. OBJECTIVES To identify the minimum margins by assessing the presence of micrometastases around the tumor using(More)
BACKGROUND We assembled needed data on the prevalence and characteristics of BRCA1/2 in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our study of BRCA1/2 collected data at eight institutions in Japan on 320 individuals with a strong family history of breast cancer, according to the NCCN guidelines, by the end of March 2012. RESULTS Among 260 proband cases, 46 (17.7 %)(More)
The ubiquitously expressed c-Abl tyrosine kinase localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus. Nuclear c-Abl is activated by diverse genotoxic agents and induces apoptosis; however, the mechanisms that are responsible for nuclear targeting of c-Abl remain unclear. Here, we show that cytoplasmic c-Abl is targeted to the nucleus in the DNA damage response. The(More)
Transcription factor ATF-2 is a nuclear target of stress-activated protein kinases, such as p38, which are activated by various extracellular stresses, including UV light. Here, we show that ATF-2 plays a critical role in hypoxia- and high-cell-density-induced apoptosis and the development of mammary tumors. Compared to wild-type cells, Atf-2(-/-) mouse(More)