Yoshio Matsumura

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The transgenic mice, which were produced by introducing the wild type proteolipid protein (PLP) gene, revealed different neurological symptoms depending on expressed gene dosage. Homozygotes, which bore four more copies of the extra PLP gene, died before 4 weeks old with severe tremors and convulsions, while histologically hypomyelination and death of the(More)
Degeneration of the myelin sheath and axon distal to the most proximal site of axonal interruption secondary to axonal disease has been called wallerian degeneration. On MR imaging, wallerian degeneration of the pyramidal tract can be observed as an abnormal signal intensity, showing prolonged T1 and T2 relaxation times that correspond to the corticospinal(More)
Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is a family of multifunctional protein kinases that activates signaling pathways. The present study was designed to ascertain whether CaMKII could play a substantial role in the expression of morphine-induced antinociception, hyperlocomotion and rewarding effect in the mouse. An i.c.v. pretreatment(More)
The 'Wriggle Mouse Sagami (WMS)' is a new neurological mutant with severe dystonic movements of the trunk and extremities whose pathological characters are transmitted by an autosomal recessive gene (wri). Manifestations first appear at 10 days to 2 weeks after birth and progress until 12 weeks of age. In spite of the severe dystonic movements, no marked(More)
The cerebral lesions in tuberous sclerosis are of three kinds: subependymal nodules, cortical tubers, and cluster of heterotopic cells in the white matter. Understanding of these hamartomas is still incomplete even with modern imaging modalities. Magnetic resonance (MR) images of ten patients with tuberous sclerosis were reviewed and compared to computed(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) images of 29 consecutive patients with intraspinal neoplasms (9 intramedullary tumors, 20 extramedullary tumors) were reviewed to evaluate the utility of MR imaging in distinguishing the intraspinal compartmental localisation and signal characteristics of each lesion. Compartment and histology of all neoplasms were surgically proven.(More)
INTRODUCTION Our aim was to assess the feasibility of using time-resolved 3D phase-contrast (4D flow) MRI to characterize extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass. METHODS We enrolled 32 patients who underwent EC-IC bypass (15 men, 17 women; mean age 66.4 years). In all, 16 underwent radial artery graft (RAG) bypass and 16 underwent superficial temporal(More)
Dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for pituitary microadenomas is usually performed in 2-dimensional (2D) multi-slice method which used coronal T(1)-weighted imaging with turbo spin echo (SE) method. However, on MR images using 2D multi-slice method, the detectability of small lesions between slices may decrease. Therefore, the aim of our study is to(More)
On magnetic resonance (MR) images, wallerian degeneration of the pyramidal tract can be demonstrated as an abnormal intensity showing prolonged T1 and T2 relaxation times corresponding to the corticospinal tract, and/or as shrinkage of the ipsilateral cerebral peduncle and pons. We evaluated 150 cases with supratentorial cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and(More)