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37. The along-track scanning radiometer (ATSR) data are supplied by the European Space Agency and have been analyzed by the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory , UK. 38. We thank I. Ward for assistance with coral sample preparation and mass spectrometry; Hurricanes can inflict catastrophic property damage and loss of human life. Thus, it is important to(More)
The Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) Hurricane Prediction System was adopted by the U.S. National Weather Service as an operational hurricane prediction model in the 1995 hurricane season. The framework of the prediction model is described with emphasis on its unique features. The model uses a multiply nested movable mesh system to depict the(More)
A new spherical grid system whose grid density on the globe is almost homogeneous is proposed. The elementary rules of finite differencing on the grid system are defined so that a desirable condition for numerical area integration is satisfied. The integrations of primitive equations for a barotropic atmosphere with free surface are made. The patterns of(More)
A tropical cyclone has been simulated in a qu , druply nested mesh model with finest grid resolution of about S km. At the center of the vol1ex, a compact eye was maintained. Azimuthal means as well as asymmetry of the ye and the eye wall !,tructure are described. The asymmetric features within the eye wall moved cyclonically at a much smaller rotation rate(More)
Based on the box method, finite-difference versions of a system of primitive equations in spherical coordinates k e formulated 'for a spherical grid. Non-linear computational instability cannot occur in time integrations of these equations. Conservation of total mass is guaranteed by the finite-difference form of the continuity equation. The proposed scheme(More)
OBJECTIVES GLP-1 improves hyperglycemia, and it has been reported to have favorable effects on atherosclerosis. However, it has not been fully elucidated whether GLP-1 is able to improve endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the efficacy of the GLP-1 analogue, liraglutide on endothelial function and glycemic(More)
The factors causing heart rate variability (HRV) were investigated under various kinds of workloads and flight conditions. Frequency analysis of heart rate, and cross-correlation analysis with blood pressure and respiration, were performed by using the fast Fourier analyser. Consequently, the main frequency of HRV at rest consisted of 0.1 Hz and 0.25-0.3(More)
In order to analyze the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) and the flight tasks of pilots, HRV of various mental and physical work stresses were investigated. For the physical stress on the treadmill, S.D. of heart rate sequence showed a minimum value at medium stresses and remained there until the maximum stress. However, the centrifuge(More)
OBJECTIVES The DPP-4 inhibitors are incretin-related drugs that improve hyperglycemia in a glucose-dependent manner and have been reported to exert favorable effects on atherosclerosis. However, it has not been fully elucidated whether DPP-4 inhibitors are able to improve endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the(More)