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Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC), attracted by the chemokine CXCL12, reside in specific niches in the bone marrow (BM). HSPC migration out of the BM is a critical process that underlies modern clinical stem cell transplantation. Here we demonstrate that enforced HSPC egress from BM niches depends critically on the nervous system. UDP-galactose(More)
The selectin family of adhesion molecules and their glycoconjugated ligands are essential for blood polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) extravasation into inflammatory and infectious sites. However, E-selectin ligands on PMNs are not well characterized. We show here that CD44 immunopurified from G-CSF-differentiated 32D cells or from peripheral blood PMNs(More)
For better clinical outcomes of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), higher mycophenolic acid (MPA) plasma levels are proposed to be desirable. Here, we investigate the optimal MMF dosing strategy based on pharmacokinetic studies in 20 Japanese alloSCT patients. The first 11 patients received MMF twice(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been widely used for the prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), based on clinical evidence established in organ transplantations. MMF is not a cytotoxic, but rather a cytostatic agent, and there have been several reports of significant advantages in engraftment as(More)
The nature and exact function of selectin ligands involved in hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) homing to the bone marrow (BM) are unclear. Using murine progenitor homing assays in lethally irradiated recipients, we found that the P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) plays a partial role in HPC homing to the BM (a reduction of about 35% when the(More)
Pathogenesis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is largely unknown. It is important to determine the responsible cell types and the factors that play roles to recruit these cells into sites of disease. We examined whether monocytes and chemokine fractalkine/receptor CX3CR1 axis might be involved. We found that the absolute number of CX3CR1+(More)
Osteocytes act as mechanosensors to control local bone volume. However, their roles in the homeostasis of remote organs are largely unknown. We show that ablation of osteocytes in mice (osteocyte-less [OL] mice) leads to severe lymphopenia, due to lack of lymphoid-supporting stroma in both the bone marrow and thymus, and complete loss of white adipose(More)
Previous studies have shown that alpha4beta1 (very late activation antigen-4 [VLA-4]) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) play a major role in hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) homing to bone marrow (BM). However, the antibody used to block VLA-4 function in the mouse (hybridoma clone PS/2) is not specific to VLA-4 but inhibits both alpha4beta1(More)
After birth, the hematopoietic system develops along with bone formation in mammals. Osteolineage cells are derived from mesenchymal progenitor cells, and differentiate into several types of bone-forming cells. Of the various types of cell constituents in bone marrow, osteolineage cells have been shown to play important roles in hematopoiesis. Early studies(More)
The sulfated polysaccharide fucoidan can rapidly mobilize hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and long-term repopulating stem cells from the bone marrow (BM) to the circulation. While searching for mechanisms involved in this phenomenon we found that BM myeloid cells bound to fucoidan through the integrin alphaMbeta2 (macrophage antigen-1 [Mac-1]) and(More)