Learn More
The wheat ALMT1 gene encodes an aluminum (Al)-activated malate transport protein which confers Al-resistance. We investigated the membrane topology of this plasma-membrane localized protein with immunocytochemical techniques. Several green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused and histidine (His)-tagged chimeras of ALMT1 were prepared based on a(More)
Twin and single sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) induced by short treatments with mitomycin C (MC) and 4,5′,8-trimethylpsoralen (TMP)-plus-near ultraviolet light (NUV) were analyzed in colcemid-induced endoreduplicated normal human and typical Fanconi's anemia (FA) fibroblasts with diplochromosomes. The induction rate of twin SCEs that had occurred in the(More)
In situ hybridization of 3H-labelled ribosomal RNA to the chromosomes of rat bone marrow cells revealed that clusters of ribosomal cistrons (rDNA) are located in the secondary constrictions of chromosomes No. 3 and 12 and near the centromere of chromosome No. 11, both associated with the late DNA-replicating regions. They were not found in Nos. 1, 2, 13,(More)
We investigated whether artepillin C, a major component of Brazilian propolis, acts as a neurotrophic-like factor in rat PC12m3 cells, in which nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth is impaired. When cultures of PC12m3 cells were treated with artepillin C at a concentration of 20 μM, the frequency of neurite outgrowth induced by artepillin C(More)
Various undifferentiated embryonic stem (ES) cells can grow on mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) feeders. However, the risk of zoonosis from animal feeders to human ES cells generally excludes the clinical use of these human ES cells. We have found that human placenta is a useful source of feeder cells for the undifferentiated growth of primate ES cells. As(More)
The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a highly specialized tissue connecting the cementum with the tooth socket bone and affects the life span of the tooth. However, little is known about the precise characteristics and regenerative mechanism of PDL cells because of the absence of specific markers and cell lines. Therefore, we aimed to establish three(More)
During continuous culture of neural PC12 cells, we obtained a drug-hypersensitive PC12 mutant cell that showed high stimulation of neurite outgrowth by various drugs. When several Chinese medicines such as shu-jing-huo-xie-tang and Wu-Ling-San were provided to these PC12 mutant cells, the frequency of nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth(More)
During continuous culturing, PC12 cells are subject to spontaneous mutations. We obtained PC12m3 cells, clone cells in which outgrowth of neuronal processes (dendrites and axons) under the condition of nerve growth factor (NGF) treatment was highly stimulated by various inducers, such as cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), calcium ionophore, steroid and(More)
We investigated the role of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in heat-shock-induced neurite outgrowth of PC12 mutant cells in which nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth is impaired. When cultures of the PC12 mutant (PC12m3) cells were exposed to heat stress at 44 degrees C for 10 min, activity of p38 MAPK increased and(More)
We obtained a drug-hypersensitive PC12 mutant cell (PC12m3), in which neurite outgrowth was strongly stimulated by various drugs such as FK506, calcimycin and cAMP, under the condition of NGF treatment. The frequency of neurite outgrowth stimulated by FK506 was approximately 40 times greater than by NGF alone. The effects of FK506 on neurite outgrowth in(More)