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The density of cells in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPv) of the preoptic area of female rats was greater than that of males on day 21 of gestation. It appears that this difference between the sexes is caused by the action of androgen since the density of cells in the AVPv of female fetuses fell to the density in males when the mother(More)
During continuous culture of neural PC12 cells, we obtained a drug-hypersensitive PC12 mutant cell that showed high stimulation of neurite outgrowth by various drugs. When several Chinese medicines such as shu-jing-huo-xie-tang and Wu-Ling-San were provided to these PC12 mutant cells, the frequency of nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth(More)
An examination was made of neurogenesis in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPv) of the preoptic area of the rat using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), a thymidine analog, and a BrdU-specific antibody. Cells in the AVPv of adult rats were labeled with the antibody when BrdU was injected into pregnant rats once during day 13 to 18 of gestation, but not(More)
We investigated whether artepillin C, a major component of Brazilian propolis, acts as a neurotrophic-like factor in rat PC12m3 cells, in which nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth is impaired. When cultures of PC12m3 cells were treated with artepillin C at a concentration of 20 microM, the frequency of neurite outgrowth induced by artepillin(More)
Although it is known that sustained activation of classical mitogen-induced protein kinase (MAPK, also known as ERK) induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) plays an important role in the induction of neurite outgrowth, the role of p38 MAPK in neural cell function is still not clear. We developed two neuronal cell lines from PC12 cells, PC12m3 and PC12m32, in(More)
We investigated the role of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in heat-shock-induced neurite outgrowth of PC12 mutant cells in which nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth is impaired. When cultures of the PC12 mutant (PC12m3) cells were exposed to heat stress at 44 degrees C for 10 min, activity of p38 MAPK increased and(More)
The increasing use of mobile phone communication has raised concerns about possible health hazard effects of microwave irradiation. We investigated damage and differentiation caused by microwave irradiation on drug-hypersensitive PC12 cell line (PC12m3). These cells showed enhancement of neurite outgrowth to various stimulants. The frequency of neurite(More)
We studied the effects of natural essential oil on neurite outgrowth in PC12m3 neuronal cells to elucidate the mechanism underlying the action of the oils used in aromatherapy. Neurite outgrowth can be induced by nerve growth factor (NGF), where ERK and p38 MAPK among MAPK pathways play important roles in activating intracellular signal transduction. In(More)
An experimental investigation was conducted to develop an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pump based on a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) technology. To develop an EHD micropump with enhanced pumping performance, including not only long-term driving but high-pressure generation, two electrode plates were prepared. On one, the electrode pattern was designed(More)
During continuous culturing, PC12 cells are subject to spontaneous mutations. We obtained PC12m3 cells, clone cells in which outgrowth of neuronal processes (dendrites and axons) under the condition of nerve growth factor (NGF) treatment was highly stimulated by various inducers, such as cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), calcium ionophore, steroid and(More)