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Pulmonary fibrosis in humans can occur as a result of a large number of conditions. In idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), pulmonary function becomes progressively compromised resulting in a high mortality rate. Currently there are no proven effective treatments for IPF. We have recently reported that IL-6 and TGF-beta(1) plays an important role in(More)
RATIONALE Although radiotherapy is effective in treating lung cancers, resultant pulmonary injury is the main obstacle. Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by progressive worsening in pulmonary function leading to high incidence of death. Currently, however, there has been little progress in effective preventive and therapeutic strategies. OBJECTIVES(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Liver fibrosis with any aetiology, induced by the transdifferentiation and proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to produce collagen, is characterized by progressive worsening in liver function, leading to a high incidence of death. We have recently reported that all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) suppresses the transdifferentiation and(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal fibrosis leading to severe bowel dysmobility or obstruction is a troublesome adverse effect of abdominal or pelvic radiation therapy. We have recently reported that all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) prevents radiation- or bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. Here, we examined the impact of ATRA on the mouse model of radiation-induced(More)
A 50-year-old man was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer(Borrmann type 3)accompanied with N3.Staging laparoscopy revealed invasion to the transverse mesocolon and positive cytology from peritoneal washing (CY1). After the patient underwent gastrojejunostomy, we administered DCS combination chemotherapy consisting of docetaxel (40 mg/m² intravenously on(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery is considered to be a mainstay of therapy for full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP). Surgical procedures for FTRP have been described, but optimal treatment is still controversial. The aim of this report is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a simplified laparoscopic suture rectopexy (LSR) in a case series of 15 patients who(More)
An 80-year-old woman was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer of T2N0H0P0M0, Stage IB. She was strongly advised to undergo surgery, but refused this option. Because the performance status (PS)was 1, combination chemotherapy with S1 100 mg/day (day 1-21) and CDDP 50 mg/m2 (day 8) was initiated. After one course of treatment was completed, she changed her(More)
A 6 6-year-old woman with hematochezia was admitted to our hospital. A colonoscopy detected KRAS wild-type rectal cancer. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a liver metastasis, and invasion to the uterus was suspected. The patient underwent a laparotomy, and intraoperative cytology and peritoneal dissemination proved positive. The tumor had(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative bile duct leak following hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery can be intractable, and the postoperative course can be prolonged. However, if the site of the leak is in the distal bile duct in the main biliary tract, the therapeutic options may be limited. Injection of absolute ethanol into the bile duct requires correct(More)
We report a case of a large gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), which we were able to curatively resect after treatment with a daily dosage of 400 mg imatinib for 3 months. The patient was a 46-year-old man whose chief complaint was anemia. Historical diagnosis by endoscopic biopsy was a c-kit-positive GIST of the stomach. From a CT scan, it was(More)