Yoshio Hashizume

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Ubiquitin-positive tau-negative neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions and dystrophic neurites are common pathological features in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with or without symptoms of motor neuron disease and in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Using biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses, we have identified a TAR DNA-binding protein of(More)
OBJECTIVE TAR DNA-binding protein of 43kDa (TDP-43) is deposited as cytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions in brains of patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitinated inclusions (FTLD-U) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Previous studies reported that abnormal phosphorylation takes place in deposited TDP-43. The aim of this study(More)
A monoclonal antibody specific for phosphoserines 409 and 410 of TDP-43 (mAb pS409/410) has been produced. It strongly stained TDP-43-positive inclusions in brain of patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but did not stain nuclei, in which normal TDP-43 is localized. It did not recognize TDP-43 rapidly extracted(More)
There are numerous observations confirming that microglia expressing major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules are associated with the central nervous system (CNS) in aging and pathological conditions. In this study, we investigated the distribution of MHC class II-positive microglia in Parkinson's disease (PD) brains. The number of MHC(More)
Two motor neuron diseases, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), are caused by distinct genes involved in RNA metabolism, TDP-43 and FUS/TLS, and SMN, respectively. However, whether there is a shared defective mechanism in RNA metabolism common to these two diseases remains unclear. Here, we show that TDP-43 and FUS/TLS(More)
N-Methyl(R)salsolinol was found to be an endogenous dopaminergic neurotoxin inducing parkinsonism in rodents and to increase in the cerebrospinal fluid of parkinsonian patients. The amounts of N-methyl(R)salsolinol and related compounds in the human brain regions were quantitatively analyzed. Only the (R)-enantiomer of salsolinol derivatives were detected,(More)
We investigated distribution of neuronal and glial inclusions in 30 brains obtained at autopsy from patients with Lewy bodies (LBs) disease, which was clinically diagnosed as Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), or pure autonomic failure (PAF). The cases were classified, according to the guidelines for the pathological diagnosis of(More)
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an X-linked motor neuronopathy caused by the expansion of an unstable CAG repeat in the coding region of the androgen receptor (AR) gene. To study AR protein expression in normal and SBMA individuals, we used several antibodies that recognize AR protein, and analyzed neural and nonneural tissues by(More)
The relationship between the features of MRI in brainstem and pathological findings was investigated in eight autopsy cases with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Features of T1-weighted images at midbrain level were atrophy of tegmentum and tectum, and dilatation of aqueduct. Histologically, these findings were consistent with atrophy of periaqueductal(More)
The autopsy findings of a 78-year-old man mimicking primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) are reported. He showed slowly progressive spasticity, pseudobulbar palsy and character change, and died 32 months after the onset of symptoms. Autopsy revealed severe atrophy of the frontal and temporal lobes, remarkable neuronal loss and gliosis in the precentral gyrus,(More)