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AIMS Most of recurrent atrial tachyarrhythmias after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) are due to reconnection of PVs. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether elimination of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-induced dormant PV conduction by additional energy applications during the first ablation procedure could reduce the(More)
We conducted a prospective study to determine whether a bolus injection of sodium bicarbonate before emergent coronary procedures in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) might prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). We enrolled 59 patients with CKD, defined by a serum creatinine concentration of >1.1 mg/dl or an estimated glomerular filtration(More)
AIMS Substantial portion of early arrhythmia recurrence after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is considered to be due to irritability in left atrium (LA) from the ablation procedure. We sought to evaluate whether 90-day use of antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) following AF ablation could reduce the incidence of early arrhythmia recurrence and thereby(More)
The CHADS2 score is useful in stratifying the risk of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it remains unclear whether the CHADS2 score could predict stroke or TIA in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients without AF. Recently, the new stroke risk score was proposed from 2(More)
BACKGROUND Beat-to-beat QT interval variability is associated with life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden death, however, its precious mechanism and the autonomic modulation on it remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of drugs that modulate the autonomic nervous system on beat-to-beat QT interval. METHOD RR and QT(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular alternans of repolarization produces serious ventricular arrhythmias in experimental models. The present study investigated the role of alternans of atrial repolarization in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS Electrophysiological studies were performed in 19 patients without structural heart disease.(More)
Adenosine infusion can potentially be used as a diagnostic test for sick sinus syndrome (SSS) based on its negative chronotropic effects. Whether autonomic tone underlies adenosine's negative chronotropic effects remains unknown. This study was to investigate the bradycardiac response of sinus node to ATP in patients with and without clinical SSS by(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that increased QT interval variability (QTV) is associated with a greater susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias and that patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI) were prone to ventricular arrhythmias during the daytime. The goal of the present study was to investigate the circadian variation of the QTV(More)
We used Wavelet transform (WT) to investigate whether variation in autonomic tone was associated with spontaneous coronary spasm in patients with variant angina by analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). Twenty-one episodes preceding ST-segment elevation were selected under Holter monitoring in 12 men and 3 women with variant angina. HRV indices were(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) at a risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD) is an important objective. Early repolarization pattern (ERP) is associated with ventricular fibrillation in patients without structural heart diseases. Moreover, ERP was reported to be associated with SCD in patients with old myocardial(More)