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The distribution of actin and myosin in Dictyostelium amebae at different developmental stages was studied by improved immunofluorescence ("agar-overlay" technique). Both were localized at the cortical region of amebae in all early developmental stages. In amebae with polarized morphology, bright fluorescence with antiactin was seen in the anterior(More)
This paper summarizes the newly developed immersed finite element method (IFEM) and its applications to the modeling of biological systems. This work was inspired by the pioneering work of Professor T.J.R. Hughes in solving fluid-structure interaction problems. In IFEM, a Lagrangian solid mesh moves on top of a background Eulerian fluid mesh which spans the(More)
Cells that are flattened by overlaying with a thin sheet of agarose can be instantaneously fixed with freezing absolute methanol containing 1% formalin. This procedure results in good preservation of the cytoskeleton. Use of this technique ("agar-overlay immunofluorescence") clarified that (1) Dictyostelium myosin exists in situ as thick filaments (Yumura(More)
The distribution of myosin was studied in amebae of the Ax-3 and NC-4 strains of Dictyostelium migrating at room temperature, using indirect immunofluorescence of aggregation-competent amebae and the agar-overlay technique. Amebae were fixed in methanol-formaldehyde or absolute acetone at -15 degrees C before or after stimulation with micromolar cyclic AMP(More)
To study the role of conventional myosin in nonmuscle cells, we determined the cytoskeletal organization and physiological responses of a Dictyostelium myosin-defective mutant. Dictyostelium hmm cells were created by insertional mutagenesis of the myosin heavy chain gene (De Lozanne, A., and J. A. Spudich. 1987. Science (Wash. DC). 236: 1086-1091). Western(More)
Cofilin, an indispensable, actin-regulating protein represents the 'cofilin family' of actin-binding proteins existing in a wide variety of organisms. Our previous and other in vitro studies have implied that cofilin can accelerate transformation of filamentous (F)-actin and (alpha)-actinin latticework into bundles, and overexpression of cofilin induces(More)
Regional contents of salsolinol and catecholamines in the brain of normal and ethanol-treated rats were studied. Male Sprague Dawley rats were given ethanol solution as sole drinking fluid for 3, 4, 5 or 6 months. Salsolinol determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry was found to be present in the hypothalamus and the striatum of control rats. The(More)
The neurotoxic effects of soluble and aggregated synthetic amyloid beta protein (A beta P) have been investigated in rat primary cultures. Freshly solubilized beta(1-40) was neurotoxic not to immature, but to mature hippocampal neurons. On the other hand, aggregated beta(1-40) was neurotoxic to both. Neurotoxicity induced by aggregated beta(1-40) was(More)
When 5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was applied to Dictyostelium cells, the cells rounded up in shape and cytoplasmic streaming ceased. The cells resumed both cytoplasmic streaming and locomotion in 20 min. SDS PAGE of isolated plasma membrane fractions showed that actin and myosin apparently became dissociated from the plasma membrane by the action of DMSO.(More)
Synchronized cultures of Dictyostelium discoideum were used to study organizational changes of the cytoskeleton during mitotic cell division. The agar-overlay technique (Yumura et al.: J. Cell Biol. 99:894-899, 1984) was employed for immunofluorescence localization and video microscopic observation of living mitotic cells. The mitotic phase was defined by(More)