Yoshio Ehara

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The dominant locus, RCY1, in the Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype C24 confers resistance to the yellow strain of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV-Y). The RCY1 locus was mapped to a 150-kb region on chromosome 5. Sequence comparison of this region from C24 and a CMV-Y-susceptible C24 mutant predicts that the RCY1 gene encodes a 104-kDa CC-NBS-LRR-type protein. The(More)
To elucidate the molecular basis of symptom expression in virus-infected plants, the changes in proteins between tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum cv. Ky57, leaves inoculated with cucumber mosaic virus strain Y [CMV(Y)] and strain O [CMV(O)], were compared by 2-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis. The appearance of chlorotic spots in CMV(Y)-inoculated tobacco(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the RNA 3 of the peanut stunt virus strain J (PSV-J) was determined and compared with those of the cucumber mosaic virus strain Y (CMV-Y, subgroup I) and the tomato aspermy virus strain C (TAV-C) at both the nucleotide and protein levels. The RNA 3 of PSV-J consists of 2186 nucleotides and has two large open reading frames (ORFs).(More)
ABSTRACT The elicitation of the hypersensitive response (HR) is known to depend on the interaction between a resistance gene of a host plant and a corresponding avirulence gene of a pathogen. The cv. Kurodane-Sanjaku of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) has the Cry locus that confers resistance against cucumber mosaic virus strain Y (CMV-Y). The resistance is(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the RNAs 1 and 2 of the peanut stunt virus strain J (PSV-J) were determined and compared with those of the cucumber mosaic virus strain Y (CMV-Y, subgroup I), strain Q (CMV-Q, subgroup II) and the tomato aspermy virus strain V (TAV-V) at both the nucleotide and protein levels. RNA 1 of PSV-J consists of 3355 nucleotides (nt) and(More)
The hypersensitive response (HR) is one mechanism of the resistance of plants to pathogen infection. It involves the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which have crucial roles in signal transduction or as toxic agents leading to cell death. Often, ROS generation is accompanied by an ultraweak photon emission resulting from radical reactions that(More)
In order to study possible functions of the inclusion body matrix protein (IBMP) encoded by gene VI of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), the XbaI fragment containing the gene VI of a Japanese strain of CaMV (CaMV S-Japan) was transferred to tobacco plants by Ti mediated transformation. Eight out of 18 kanamycin resistant plants (40%) expressed detectable(More)
Avirulent Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora CGE234-M403 produces two types of bacteriocin. For the purpose of cloning the bacteriocin genes of strain CGE234M403, a spontaneous rifampin-resistant mutant of this strain, M-rif-11-2, was isolated. By Tn5 insertional mutagenesis using M-rif-11-2, a mutant, TM01A01, which produces the high-molecular-weight(More)
 Tobacco plants expressing the mammalian 2′5′oligoadenylate system (2-5A system) exhibit resistance to cucumber mosaic virus (CMV). Here, to characterize the molecular aspect of the resistance to CMV in 2-5A system-expressing tobaccos, the activation of defense-related genes and systemic acquired resistance (SAR) as the markers for the hypersensitive(More)
We previously demonstrated that cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] cultivar Kurodane-Sanjaku contains the Cry gene, which confers resistance against Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus infection. In this paper, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis was carried out to tag the Cry locus. Bulked segregant analysis for RAPD resulted in many(More)