Yoshio Aramaki

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The beta-chemokine receptor CCR5 is considered to be an attractive target for inhibition of macrophage-tropic (CCR5-using or R5) HIV-1 replication because individuals having a nonfunctional receptor (a homozygous 32-bp deletion in the CCR5 coding region) are apparently normal but resistant to infection with R5 HIV-1. In this study, we found that TAK-779, a(More)
In order to develop potent and selective focal adhesion kinase (FAK) inhibitors, synthetic studies on pyrazolo[4,3-c][2,1]benzothiazines targeted for the FAK allosteric site were carried out. Based on the X-ray structural analysis of the co-crystal of the lead compound, 8-(4-ethylphenyl)-5-methyl-1,5-dihydropyrazolo[4,3-c][2,1]benzothiazine 4,4-dioxide 1(More)
Effects of synthetic compounds similar to the structure of a spider toxin were studied on the glutamate receptors in crustacean neuromuscular synapses. Two kinds of analogues, 2,4-dihydroxyphenylacetyl-asparaginyl cadaverine (C-1) and 2,4-dihydroxyphenylacetyl-asparaginyl spermine (C-2), suppressed the excitatory postsynaptic potentials in a manner similar(More)
The search for new small-molecule CCR5 antagonists by high-throughput screening (HTS) of the Takeda chemical library using [(125)I]RANTES and CHO/CCR5 cells led to the discovery of lead compounds (A, B) with a quaternary ammonium or phosphonium moiety, which were synthesized to investigate new MCP-1 receptor antagonists. A series of novel anilide(More)
Chemical modification has been performed on an orally bioavailable and potent CCR5 antagonist, sulfoxide compound 4, mainly focusing on replacement of the [6,7]-fused 1-benzazepine nucleus. We designed, synthesized, and evaluated the biological activities of ring-expanded [6,8]-, [6,9]-, and [6,10]-fused compounds containing S-sulfoxide moieties, which led(More)
Quaternary ammonium benzocycloheptene compound 1 has previously been reported as a clinical candidate for an injectable CCR5 antagonist. In order to develop an orally active CCR5 antagonist, derivatives of tertiary amine benzocycloheptene 2, the chemical precursor to 1, were investigated. The benzocycloheptene ring was converted to benzothiepine and(More)
In order to develop orally active CCR5 antagonists, we investigated 1-benzoxepine derivatives containing new polar substituents, such as phosphonate, phosphine oxide or pyridine N-oxide moieties, as replacements for the previously reported quaternary ammonium moiety. Among these compounds, the 2-(alpha-hydroxybenzyl)pyridine N-oxide 5e exhibited moderate(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates cell survival and proliferation pathways. Here we report the discovery of a highly selective series of 1,5-dihydropyrazolo[4,3-c][2,1]benzothiazines that demonstrate a novel mode of allosteric inhibition of FAK. These compounds showed slow dissociation from unphosphorylated FAK and were noncompetitive with ATP after(More)
The search for orally active CCR5 antagonists was performed by chemical modification of the 1-benzothiepine 1,1-dioxide 3 and 1-benzazepine 4 lead compounds containing a tertiary amine moiety. Replacement of methyl group with a 2-(C(2-4) alkoxy)ethoxy group at the 4-position on the 7-phenyl group of the 1-benzothiepine ring resulted in both enhanced(More)
In order to develop orally active CCR5 antagonists, 1-propyl- or 1-isobutyl-1-benzazepine derivatives containing a sulfoxide moiety have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their biological activities. Sulfoxide compounds containing a 2-pyridyl group were first investigated, which led to discovering that the presence of a methylene group between(More)