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PURPOSE To evaluate the accuracy and consistency of a gradient-based positron emission tomography (PET) segmentation method, GRADIENT, compared with manual (MANUAL) and constant threshold (THRESHOLD) methods. METHODS AND MATERIALS Contouring accuracy was evaluated with sphere phantoms and clinically realistic Monte Carlo PET phantoms of the thorax. The(More)
OBJECT A visual field deficit resulting from the management of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) significantly impacts a patient's quality of life. The present study was designed to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) performed for AVMs involving the postgeniculate visual pathway. METHODS In this(More)
OBJECTIVE Wound infection is a rare but life-threatening complication after coronary artery bypass grafting. Risk factors for wound infection after off-pump bypass grafting and the validity of using bilateral internal thoracic arteries harvested in a skeletonized fashion remain unclear, especially in patients with diabetes. METHODS The data of 1500(More)
OBJECT Estimating survival time in cancer patients is crucial for clinicians, patients, families, and payers. To provide appropriate and cost-effective care, various data sources are used to provide rational, reliable, and reproducible estimates. The accuracy of such estimates is unknown. METHODS The authors prospectively estimated survival in 150(More)
Recently we have developed new sustained release system of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) using gelatin hydrogel as a carrier. Using this system, we examined the effect of topical sustained release of bFGF on angiogenesis and tissue blood perfusion in a rabbit model of hind limb ischemia. Thirty-two rabbits underwent excision of right femoral artery(More)
OBJECT To evaluate the role of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in patients with recurrent or residual intracranial ependymomas after resection and fractionated radiation therapy (RT), the authors assessed overall survival, distant tumor relapse, progression-free survival (PFS), and complications. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of(More)
BACKGROUND The effectiveness of sustained-release basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in potentiating arteriogenesis and angiogenesis was evaluated, as well as determining whether chronic oral administration of sarpogrelate, a serotonin blocker, would further increase collateral blood flow in the rabbit hindlimb following surgical induction of ischemia by(More)
PURPOSE A phase I clinical trial and molecular correlative studies were conducted to evaluate preclinical evidence for combinatorial activity of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor cetuximab, and radiation therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with radiotherapy-naive stage IV or recurrent squamous(More)
The objective of this study was to develop an easy and simple experimental rat model of total hepatectomy, hepatic ischemia and extrahepatic portal obstruction. The first operation involved transposing the spleen with its scarified capsule in a subcutaneous pouch to produce portasystemic anastomosis. Total hepatectomy was easily performed in a lobe-by-lobe(More)
OBJECTIVE Sternal wound complications are devastating events occurring in coronary artery bypass surgery, particularly in patients with diabetes. Prostaglandin E2 receptors have 4 subtypes, and the activation of the EP4 receptor induces bone regeneration. The present study investigated the utility of a prostaglandin E2 EP4 receptor-selective agonist in(More)