Yoshio Akagi

Learn More
Susceptibility to audiogenic seizures, which are reflex seizures provoked by loud noise, can be induced in rodents by acoustic priming (exposing animals to strong auditory stimuli at an early developmental stage). Some strains of mice and rats are susceptible to audiogenic seizures without priming and these have been used as good experimental models with(More)
Oligodendrocyte precursors are produced in restricted foci of the germinative neuroepithelium in embryo brains and migrate to their sites of function, while astrocytes are produced in a wider area in the neuroepithelium. We investigated the guidance mechanisms of glial precursor (GP) cell migration in the optic nerve. GP cell migration in newborn rat optic(More)
We have previously shown that platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF) is associated with angiogenesis of human colon cancer; this factor is expressed at high levels in vascular tumors that express low levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In these colon cancers, the major source of PD-ECGF is the infiltrating cells. In this(More)
We investigated the role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in colon cancer cells and the mechanism by which this regulation occurs. HT29 human colon cancer cells were treated with IGF-I for various time periods. VEGF mRNA expression increased(More)
Aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated as a major contributor to the pathogenesis of diabetic cataracts. AR activation generates osmotic and oxidative stresses via the polyol pathway and induces cell death signals. Antioxidant protein 2 (AOP2) protects cells from oxidative stress. We investigated the effect of AR overexpression on polyol accumulation and(More)
Cataracts associated with diabetes and galactosemia are characterized by their rapid onset and bilateral appearance. These cataracts display similar morphology and histology and have common biochemical mechanisms initiating the cataractous processes. An understanding of these biochemical mechanisms have been aided both by the ability to reproduce these(More)
The galactose-fed beagle develops diabetes-like microvascular changes that are histologically and clinically similar in appearance to all stages of human diabetic retinopathy. This animal model is extremely useful for evaluating drugs for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy; however, the time required to develop the various retinal lesions (24-72 months(More)
A hallmark of early diabetic retinopathy is the selective loss of the retinal mural cells (pericytes) from vessels. Using antibodies prepared against purified human placental aldose reductase, the presence of the enzyme aldose reductase can be demonstrated immunohistochemically in the cytoplasm of retinal mural cells of trypsin-digested human retinal(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the antitumor efficacy and feasibility of postoperative adjuvant metronomic chemotherapy using weekly low-dosage CPT-11 and UFT in colorectal cancer at high risk to recurrence. A total of 49 patients (24 stage IIIb and 25 distant metastasis) who underwent a R0 operation were enrolled in this prospective study. Forty mg/m2(More)
A distinguishing feature of early diabetic retinal vascular changes is the selective degeneration of pericytes (mural cells) from the retinal capillary vessels. Loss of these pericytes has been proposed to be associated with decreased capillary tonicity, the formation of microaneurysms, and vessel dilation. The role of aldose reductase in the progression of(More)