Yoshinori Shimizu

Shuei Sugama4
Tong H Joh4
Lorraine A DeGiorgio3
Hong S Chun2
4Shuei Sugama
4Tong H Joh
3Lorraine A DeGiorgio
2Hong S Chun
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Minocycline has been shown previously to have beneficial effects against ischemia in rats as well as neuroprotective properties against excitotoxic damage in vitro, nigral cell loss via 6-hydroxydopamine, and to prolong the life-span of transgenic mouse models of Huntington's disease (HD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We investigated whether(More)
To elucidate the role and pathological dynamics of activated microglia, this study assessed the phagocytic, immunophenotypic, morphological, and migratory properties of activated microglia in the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) axotomized rat brain. Activated microglia were identified using two different monoclonal antibodies: ED1 for phagocytic activity and(More)
Our past work has shown that the C-terminal fragment of amyloid precursor protein (APP) translocated to the nucleus in neurons destined for delayed excitotoxic degeneration. To test whether nuclear APP fragments also play a role in the progressive loss of dopaminergic (DA) substantia nigra compacta (SNc) neurons, we performed unilateral medial forebrain(More)
Estrogen treatment offers neuro-protection in animal experiments in which excitotoxic mechanisms destroy neurons. In a model of delayed neuronal degeneration that depends on excitotoxicity, we tested whether females had an altered susceptibility, and whether physiologic doses of estrogen administered after the brain insult would protect susceptible neurons.(More)
  • Lorraine A DeGiorgio, Yoshinori Shimizu, Hong S Chun, Byung-Pil Cho, Shuei Sugama, Tong H Joh +1 other
  • 2002
Focal microglial activation and progressive dopaminergic neurodegeneration in substantia nigra compacta (SNc) have characterized Parkinson's disease (PD). We have hypothesized that the microglial response may be provoked by molecular signals from chronically stressed SNc neurons. To test whether amyloid precursor protein (APP) could serve as such a signal,(More)
The patient was a 13-year-old female. Six years previously, she developed alopecia areata when her parents divorced. One year after that, the bald area drastically expanded when her mother remarried. She was treated at her local hospital; however, no improvement was observed. She then visited our hospital for examination. A bald patch was covering >80% of(More)
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