Yoshinori Shimajiri

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Pax4 is one of the transcription factors that play an important role in the differentiation of islet beta-cells. We scanned the Pax4 gene in 200 unrelated Japanese type 2 diabetic patients and found a missense mutation (R121W) in 6 heterozygous patients and 1 homozygous patient (mutant allele frequency 2.0%). The mutation was not found in 161 nondiabetic(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION The Kir6.2 E23K polymorphism was studied with a special reference to secondary sulfonylurea (SU) failure in non-obese patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS We recruited 278 non-obese (body mass index ≤30.0 kg/m(2)) Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes who had a history of SU treatment (for 11.2 ± 6.3 years) and compared(More)
UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  Islets in type 2 diabetes are characterized by deposition of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) as well as β-cell dysfunction. The unique amyloidogenic character of human (h)IAPP is associated with cytotoxicity. Autophagy is a ubiquitous system of cellular recycling that contributes to cell survival. Thus, we examined whether(More)
UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  In order to clarify the enhanced β-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients carrying the S20G mutation of the islet amyloid polypeptide gene (S20G-patients), we first estimated the decline of insulin secretion in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients without the S20G mutation (non-S20G-T2D-patients) by long-term observation,(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is a main component of islet amyloid in type 2 diabetes and cosecreted from β-cell with insulin. Clinical evidence from the patients with S20G mutation of the IAPP gene, as well as experimental evidence that insulin could inhibit amyloid formation of IAPP, suggests that a gradual reduction of insulin could(More)
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