Yoshinori Shimajiri

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Pax4 is one of the transcription factors that play an important role in the differentiation of islet beta-cells. We scanned the Pax4 gene in 200 unrelated Japanese type 2 diabetic patients and found a missense mutation (R121W) in 6 heterozygous patients and 1 homozygous patient (mutant allele frequency 2.0%). The mutation was not found in 161 nondiabetic(More)
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in type 2 diabetes and its association with vascular complications were studied in 637 Japanese type 2 diabetic patients. MetS was diagnosed using criteria proposed by the Japanese study group for the definition of MetS in 2005. The prevalence of MetS in patients studied was higher in males (45.9%) than females(More)
AIM/HYPOTHESIS We analysed Japanese MODY patients for mutations in the HNF-1 alpha gene. METHODS Fifty unrelated Japanese patients with early-onset diabetes (diagnosed at 25 years of age or younger) or with a strong family history of diabetes were screened for mutations in the HNF-1 alpha gene. Functional studies of the mutant HNF-1alpha were carried out.(More)
Transient expression of the transcription factor neurogenin-3 marks progenitor cells in the pancreas as they differentiate into islet cells. We developed a transgenic mouse line in which the surrogate markers secreted alkaline phosphatase (SeAP) and enhanced green florescent protein (EGFP) can be used to monitor neurogenin-3 expression, and thus islet cell(More)
AIM This study was conducted to clarify cell death and survival signals in pancreatic beta-cell lipotoxicity. METHODS Rat insulinoma INS-1 cells, with or without expression of dominant-negative mutant of Akt (K179M), were cultured with palmitate (C16:0) or oleate (C18:1) and cell numbers were determined by 0.2% eosin dye exclusion assay. The Akt activity(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION The Kir6.2 E23K polymorphism was studied with a special reference to secondary sulfonylurea (SU) failure in non-obese patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS We recruited 278 non-obese (body mass index ≤30.0 kg/m(2)) Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes who had a history of SU treatment (for 11.2 ± 6.3 years) and compared(More)
Decreased function of the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) was reported to cause late-onset obesity and insulin resistance in rodents. Thus mutations in the MC4R gene drew strong attention as a possible cause of obesity and diabetes. We screened for mutations in the MC4R gene in extremely obese [body mass index (BMI) > or = 35 kg/m2] Japanese with diabetes by(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and metabolic syndrome have been recognized as risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, there is no information comparing their impact on macroangiopathy in diabetic patients. Thus, we studied the prevalence of CKD and metabolic syndrome in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients and then compared their impact on(More)
UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  Islets in type 2 diabetes are characterized by deposition of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) as well as β-cell dysfunction. The unique amyloidogenic character of human (h)IAPP is associated with cytotoxicity. Autophagy is a ubiquitous system of cellular recycling that contributes to cell survival. Thus, we examined whether(More)
The angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) telmisartan has a molecular structure that confers it partial agonist properties similar to those of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-gamma molecule, which is thought to modulate tissue response to insulin. In order to investigate the effects of telmisartan on insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism,(More)