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BACKGROUND Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a fraction of plasma, in which platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) are thought to be concentrated. It is plausible that topically-applied PRP up-regulates cellular activity and subsequently promotes periodontal regeneration in vivo. However, the concentrations of these(More)
[structure: see text] We have explored the diversity of secondary metabolites produced by cellular slime molds to examine the possible use of such cellular slime molds as a resource for novel drug development. A new aromatic amide, brefelamide (1), was isolated from methanol extracts of the fruiting bodies of Dictyostelium brefeldianum and D. giganteum. The(More)
Four triterpenes were isolated from a traditional Japanese tea product produced by anaerobic microbial fermentation of heated green tea leaves (Camellia sinensis). Two of the compounds were novel and characterized by spectroscopic investigation to be 13,26-epoxy-3β,11α-dihydroxyolean-12-one and 3β,11α,13β-trihydroxyolean-12-one. Two known triterpenes were(More)
The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a connective tissue located between the cementum of teeth and the alveolar bone of the mandibula. It plays an integral role in the maintenance and regeneration of periodontal tissue. The cells responsible for maintaining this tissue are thought to be fibroblasts, which can be either multipotent or composed of heterogenous(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present controlled clinical study was to compare platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with a biodegradable ceramic, porous hydroxyapatite (HA) with a mixture of HA and saline in the treatment of human intrabony defects. METHODS Seventy interproximal intrabony osseous defects in 70 healthy, non-smoking subjects diagnosed with(More)
Two samples of Cremanthodium stenactinium (Asteraceae) were collected in Sichuan Province, China. From the ethyl acetate extracts of the roots, three new eremophilane-type sesquiterpenoids and one new trinoreremophilane compound were isolated, together with other known eremophilanes. Their structures were determined based on the spectroscopic data. This is(More)
BACKGROUND The biological actions of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are thought to be mediated primarily by constituent transforming-growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and platelet-derived growth factor-AB (PDGF-AB). However, we previously demonstrated that type I collagen expression in periodontal ligament (PDL) cells is acutely stimulated through fibrin clot(More)
Two samples of Ligularia kanaitzensis collected in the Shizhongshan Mountain region of Yunnan Province, as well as one sample collected in Sichuan Province, were analyzed with regard to root constituents and neutral DNA sequences. The two Shizhongshan samples were found to be different from each other and from other samples analyzed previously, indicating(More)
Four new eremophilane-type sesquiterpenoid alcohols were isolated from Cremanthodium helianthus collected in China and their structures established on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. All of them had 9-en-8-one partial structures with one more double bond either delta11, delta11(13), or delta7(11). Two of them had a hydroxy group at C-1 position.
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are bioaccumulative chemicals that are considered to be toxic contaminants based on several epidemiological studies. To elucidate exposure levels of these chemicals in the present study, concentrations of PCDD/DFs, dioxin-like PCBs (DL-PCBs)(More)