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Point mutation of Gly1250Ser (1250S) of the yeast fatty acid synthase gene FAS2 confers cerulenin resistance. This mutation also results in a higher production of the apple-like flavor component ethyl caproate in Japanese sake. We mutated the 1250th codon by in vitro site-directed mutagenesis to encode Ala (1250A) or Cys (1250C) and examined cerulenin(More)
Auxotrophic mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are usually isolated in haploid strains because the isolation of recessive mutations in diploids is thought to be difficult due to the presence of two sets of genes. We show here that auxotrophic mutants of diploid industrial sake yeast strains were routinely obtained by a standard mutant selection(More)
Various auxotrophic mutants of diploid heterothallic Japanese sake strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were utilized for selecting mating-competent diploid isolates. The auxotrophic mutants were exposed to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and crossed with laboratory haploid tester strains carrying complementary auxotrophic markers. Zygotes were then selected on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a rate-limiting enzyme for tryptophan metabolism and plays an immunosuppressive role. Antigen-presenting cells, when activated, increase the expression of IDO, which results in the suppression of subsequent immune reaction. A novel IDO inhibitor, Toho-1, was explored for its applicability to immunotherapy.(More)
Counter-selection is a useful gene manipulation technique for repeated gene disruptions, gene shufflings and gene replacements in yeasts. We developed a novel counter-selection system using a galactose-inducible growth inhibitory sequence (Kawahata et al.1999. Yeast 15: 1-10). This counter-selection marker, named GAL10p-GIN11, has several advantages over(More)
Drug-resistance markers for yeast transformation are useful because they can be applied to strains without auxotrophic mutations. However, they are susceptible to technical difficulties, namely lower transformation efficiency and the appearance of drug-resistant mutants without the marker. To avoid these problems, we have constructed a phosphoglycerate(More)
One new (1) and two known angular-type (2,3) furocoumarins, isoarchangelicin (1), archangelicin (2), and 2'-angeloyl-3'-isovaleryl vaginate (3), were isolated from the roots of Angelica atropurpurea. The structure of the new compound was established on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectra and other spectroscopic studies. The inhibitory activity(More)
BACKGROUND Ustekinumab is currently used for the treatment of psoriasis with remarkable efficiency. However, worries about the development of malignancies in ustekinumab-treated patients have not been completely resolved because of the major role of IL-12 and IL-23 in tumor immunity. In the present study, we tried to elucidate the effects of ustekinumab on(More)
The aim of the present study was to enhance the efficiency of leukemia immunotherapy by increasing the antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte-inducing ability of leukemia cells. The leukemic plasmacytoid dendritic cell line PMDC05 containing the HLA-A02/24 antigen, which was previously established in our laboratory (Laboratory of Hematology and Oncology,(More)
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