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Retinoid X receptor alpha (RXR alpha) is a member of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily. Using yeast two-hybrid screening, beta-galactosidase assays, and pull-down assays, we show that RNF8, a RING finger protein recently isolated as a protein binding to a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, binds to RXR alpha through the N-terminal regions of both(More)
The centrosome functions as the microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) and plays a vital role in organizing spindle poles during mitosis. The pair of centrioles, which are the core components of the centrosome, duplicate once per cell cycle, and this feature is essential for the establishment of spindle bipolarity. Here we describe the molecular(More)
A malfunction in retinoid X receptor (RXR) alpha due to phosphorylation is associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the precise mechanisms by which phosphorylated RXRalpha loses its physiological function remain unclear. In the present study we examined whether phosphorylation of RXRalpha affects its dimeric activity.(More)
Neuronal protein NP25 is a neuron-specific protein present in highly differentiated neural cells, but its functional properties have not been well characterized. NP25 shows high amino acid sequence homology with the smooth muscle cell cytoskeleton-associated proteins, SM22, mp20, and calponin. To gain an insight into the biological functions of NP25, we(More)
Tricin (4',5,7-trihydroxy-3',5'-dimethoxyflavone) has demonstrated diverse biological activities. This compound has a high anti-human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) activity; however, its oral availability is low. To improve its bioavailability, we synthesized tricin-amino acid derivatives as prodrugs and investigated their cell permeability, stability in vitro,(More)
The formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) are a family of chemoattractant receptors with important roles in host defense and the regulation of inflammatory reactions. In humans, three FPR paralogs have been identified (FPR1, FPR2, and FPR3) and may have functionally diversified by gene duplication and adaptive evolution. However, the evolutionary mechanisms(More)
We used an evolutionary genomics approach to identify genes that are under lineage-specific positive selection in six species of the genus Bacteroides, including three strains of pathogenic Bacteroides fragilis. Using OrthoMCL, we identified 1275 orthologous gene clusters present in all eight Bacteroides genomes. A total of 52 genes were identified as under(More)
Human PRTB encodes a proline-rich protein of 168 amino acids (PRTB). We analyzed the evolutionary patterns of PRTB from various vertebrate species. Maximum likelihood analyses indicated that while mammalian PRTB has been very well conserved and underwent a significantly slower rate of evolution, only the branch leading to fish PRTB has undergone adaptive(More)
PLEKHG2 is a Gβγ-dependent guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the small GTPases Rac and Cdc42, and has been shown to mediate signalling pathways such as actin cytoskeleton reorganization and serum response element (SRE)-dependent gene transcription. Here we show that the constitutively active mutant of the Gαs subunit significantly attenuated(More)
Ten-eleven translocation (TET) proteins, a family of Fe(2+)- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases, are involved in DNA demethylation. They also help regulate various cellular functions. Three TET paralogs have been identified (TET1, TET2, and TET3) in humans. This study focuses on the evolution of mammalian TET genes. Distinct patterns in TET1 and TET2(More)
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