Yoshinori Murao

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S pinal cord injury often results in devastating dysfunc-tion and disability. When a spinal cord is injured, various symptoms are presented depending on the segments of the damage and the degree. If cervical spinal damage is severe, tetraplegia results. If damage occurs at levels higher than C4, diaphragmatic movement will be impaired, and the patient has(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether intrathecal administration of cultured autologous bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) is safe and feasible for treatment of subacute spinal injury. METHODS Five patients with complete tetraplegia due to cervical spinal injury on admission were included. A small amount of bone marrow was obtained during surgery for spinal fusion.(More)
We measured the plasma levels of adrenomedullin (AM), a novel vasodilating peptide, in 89 patients with various forms of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and 13 healthy volunteers serving as controls. Plasma levels of AM in SIRS (burns: 20.5 +/- 3. 2 fmol/ml [mean +/- SEM]; pancreatitis: 13.8 +/- 3.8 fmol/ml; trauma: 14.9 +/- 2.5 fmol/ml;(More)
A one-year-old boy presented with orbitocranial penetrating injury by a chopstick. Neurological examination did not reveal abnormal findings. Skull radiography did not reveal any sign of fracture and there were no abnormal findings. Initially, computed tomography (CT) of the head did not reveal any intracranial lesions. However, bone window CT showed a(More)
Brachial plexus injury is very rare in neurosurgical practice, so many neurosurgeons have never experienced this problem in Japan. This study describes a clinical analysis of 16 patients aged 5 to 62 years (mean 32.9 years) who presented at our institution with brachial plexus injuries. Nine patients presented with paralysis and seven with paresis. Head(More)
The clinical characteristics of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by physical exertion were analyzed to investigate the causes and mechanisms of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH. Nine of 209 patients with spontaneous SAH were identified as having perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH. Perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH(More)
The number of stimulant-drug addicts has recently been on the rise again, and they are being increasingly encountered in the emergency room. There are also frequent reports of cerebrovascular disorders complicating drug toxicity. These cerebrovascular disorders have included subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracranial hematoma, and a few cases of cerebral(More)
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