Yoshinori Murao

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Recent studies have shown that hypertonic saline (HS) resuscitation can reduce hemorrhage-induced lung damage by preventing neutrophil activation. In this study, we examined whether this protective effect can be improved by increasing the HS dose used for resuscitation. The protective effect of two HS doses was tested in a mouse model of hemorrhagic shock.(More)
The effect of hypertonic saline resuscitation on intestinal damage and the incidence of apoptosis after hemorrhagic shock were investigated. After anesthesia, male BALB/c mice weighing 24-34 g were hemorrhaged to the mean arterial pressure of 40 +/- 5 mmHg for 90 min. Animals were randomly assigned to four groups: 1) resuscitation with 4 mL/kg of 7.5% NaCl(More)
A one-year-old boy presented with orbitocranial penetrating injury by a chopstick. Neurological examination did not reveal abnormal findings. Skull radiography did not reveal any sign of fracture and there were no abnormal findings. Initially, computed tomography (CT) of the head did not reveal any intracranial lesions. However, bone window CT showed a(More)
We measured the plasma levels of adrenomedullin (AM), a novel vasodilating peptide, in 89 patients with various forms of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and 13 healthy volunteers serving as controls. Plasma levels of AM in SIRS (burns: 20.5 +/- 3. 2 fmol/ml [mean +/- SEM]; pancreatitis: 13.8 +/- 3.8 fmol/ml; trauma: 14.9 +/- 2.5 fmol/ml;(More)
Spinal cord injury often results in devastating dysfunction and disability. When a spinal cord is injured, various symptoms are presented depending on the segments of the damage and the degree. If cervical spinal damage is severe, tetraplegia results. If damage occurs at levels higher than C4, diaphragmatic movement will be impaired, and the patient has to(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation induce immunosuppression. CD4CD25 regulatory T cells and gammadeltaT cells may affect these immunosuppressive conditions. Hypertonic saline resuscitation reduces damage to organs and apoptosis and also restores immunosuppressive condition. We investigated how hypertonic saline resuscitation affected the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin in patients with septic shock and the potential association of these concentrations with relaxation of vascular tone. DESIGN Prospective, case series. SETTING Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nara Medical University. PATIENTS Twelve patients who fulfilled the clinical(More)
The objectives of this study were to review variable factors influencing outcomes in hanging and to identify prognostic factors related to outcomes. Forty-seven patients presented to our department. Eleven patients survived and 36 died. A significant difference in mean hanging time was observed between survivor (11.8 +/- 8.37 minutes) and nonsurvivor (50.81(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation induce immunosuppression. CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T Cells (Foxp3(+) Tregs), iNOS and cytokines may affect these severe conditions such as acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiple organ failure after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. Foxp3(+) Tregs have been described to be specific and play(More)
The clinical characteristics of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by physical exertion were analyzed to investigate the causes and mechanisms of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH. Nine of 209 patients with spontaneous SAH were identified as having perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH. Perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH(More)