Yoshinori Moriyama

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Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors in the human digestive tract, but their molecular etiology and cellular origin are unknown. Sequencing of c-kit complementary DNA, which encodes a proto-oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT), from five GISTs revealed mutations in the region between the transmembrane and(More)
Membrane traffic in eukaryotic cells involves transport of vesicles that bud from a donor compartment and fuse with an acceptor compartment. Common principles of budding and fusion have emerged, and many of the proteins involved in these events are now known. However, a detailed picture of an entire trafficking organelle is not yet available. Using synaptic(More)
In mammals, toxic electrolytes of endogenous and exogenous origin are excreted through the urine and bile. Before excretion, these compounds cross numerous cellular membranes in a transporter-mediated manner. However, the protein transporters involved in the final excretion step are poorly understood. Here, we show that MATE1, a human and mouse orthologue(More)
Bafilomycin A1 is known as a strong inhibitor of the vacuolar type H(+)-ATPase in vitro, whereas other type ATPases, e.g. F1,F0-ATPase, are not affected by this antibiotic (Bowman, E.M., Siebers, A., and Altendorf, K. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85, 7972-7976). Effects of this inhibitor on lysosomes of living cultured cells were tested. The(More)
  • Keisuke Sawada, Noriko Echigo, +5 authors Yoshinori Moriyama
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2008
ATP is a major chemical transmitter in purinergic signal transmission. Before secretion, ATP is stored in secretory vesicles found in purinergic cells. Although the presence of active transport mechanisms for ATP has been postulated for a long time, the proteins responsible for its vesicular accumulation remains unknown. The transporter encoded by the human(More)
Fasting has been used to control epilepsy since antiquity, but the mechanism of coupling between metabolic state and excitatory neurotransmission remains unknown. Previous work has shown that the vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) required for exocytotic release of glutamate undergo an unusual form of regulation by Cl(-). Using functional(More)
We studied the effects of bafilomycin A1, a potent and specific inhibitor of vacuolar H+ ATPase (V-ATPase), on the process of autophagy in rat hepatoma cell line, H-4-II-E cells. To induce autophagy, cells were transferred from Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium containing 12% fetal calf serum into Hanks' balanced salt solution. When bafilomycin A1 was added(More)
BACKGROUND Omeprazole is mainly metabolized in the liver by CYP2C19, a genetically determined enzyme, whereas rabeprazole is mainly reduced non-enzymatically and partially metabolized by CYP2C19. The therapeutic effects of rabeprazole are therefore assumed to be less affected by an individual's CYP2C19 status. AIM To investigate the acid inhibitory(More)
A microdose study of metformin was conducted to investigate the predictability of drug-drug interactions at the therapeutic dose (ThD). Healthy subjects received a microdose (100 µg) or ThD (250 mg) of metformin orally, with or without a potent and competitive multidrug and toxin extrusion (MATE) inhibitor, pyrimethamine (50 mg, p.o.), in a crossover(More)
The role of vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) in the cytotoxic action of diphtheria toxin (DT) was studied by using bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of V-ATPase. Studies with acridine orange showed that the acidification of intracellular acidic compartments was inhibited strongly when Vero cells were treated with 500 nM bafilomycin A1, indicating(More)