Yoshinori Ikoma

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The relationship between carotenoid accumulation and the expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes during fruit maturation was investigated in three citrus varieties, Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.), Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck), and Lisbon lemon (Citrus limon Burm.f.). We cloned the cDNAs for phytoene synthase (CitPSY), phytoene(More)
After several years in the juvenile phase, adult citrus trees show seasonal periodicity of flowering. A prolonged exposure to low temperature is one of the most important environmental cues for floral induction in citrus. In the present study, the expression of flowering-related genes during the annual cycle of flowering and inductive low-temperature(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a protein (CuCOR19), the sequence of which is similar to Poncirus COR19, of the dehydrin family was isolated from the epicarp of Citrus unshiu. The molecular mass of the predicted protein was 18,980 daltons. CuCOR19 was highly hydrophilic and contained three repeating elements including Lys-rich motifs. The gene expression in leaves(More)
We developed a 384 multiplexed SNP array, named CitSGA-1, for the genotyping of Citrus cultivars, and evaluated the performance and reliability of the genotyping. SNPs were surveyed by direct sequence comparison of the sequence tagged site (STS) fragment amplified from genomic DNA of cultivars representing the genetic diversity of citrus breeding in Japan.(More)
To investigate the relationship between a carotenoid profile and gene expression for carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases, three citrus varieties that exhibit different 9-cis-violaxanthin levels in their juice sacs, Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.; a variety accumulating a low level of 9-cis-violaxanthin), Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck; variety(More)
The effect of postharvest temperature (5, 20, and 30 degrees C) and ethylene at different temperatures (20 and 5 degrees C) on carotenoid content and composition and on the expression of the carotenoid biosynthesis-related genes was investigated in the flavedo and juice sacs of Satsuma mandarin ( Citrus unshiu Marc.) fruit. Under an ethylene-free(More)
The relationship between sucrose (Suc) and ascorbate (AA) metabolism was investigated in harvested broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) florets. Decreases in both Suc and AA content were observed in broccoli florets 48 h after all the leaves were excised, but none were observed when the plants were kept intact or with leaves attached in a room at 20(More)
To quantify the 18 carotenoids on the basic routes of the carotenoid biosynthesis in plants simultaneously, a method for liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization was developed. With this method, the seasonal changes of carotenoids in the flavedo and juice sacs of 39 citrus varieties were analyzed. On the(More)
In the present study, to investigate the mechanisms regulating carotenoid accumulation in citrus, a culture system was set up in vitro with juice sacs of three citrus varieties, Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.), Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck), and Lisbon lemon (Citrus limon Burm.f.). The juice sacs of all the three varieties enlarged(More)
A cDNA clone encoding phytoene desaturase (PDS) was isolated from citrus (Citrus unshiu Marc.). The transcript of the isolated PDS (CitPDS1) was not detected by conventional RNA gel-blot analysis; instead, it was detected by a sensitive reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). The CitPDS1 transcript in the juice sacs/segment epidermis (edible part) was at a low(More)