Yoshinori Beppu

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We have been interested in the effects of some popular peptides on tracheal smooth muscle. Previously, we reported that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) had dose-dependent relaxant effects on guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle. In this study, we compared the effects of ANP, BNP and CNP on(More)
Intestinal administration of various lactobacilli has been reported to affect autonomic neurotransmission, blood pressure, blood glucose, and body weight in rats, however, the mechanisms of action of the lactobacilli remain to be clarified. Therefore, the effect of the culture supernatant of Lactobacillus pentosus strain S-PT84 on the autonomic nerve(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide 38 (PACAP 38) and its fragments PACAP 27, PACAP 16-38, PACAP 28-38, PACAP 31-38 were compared for their histamine releasing effects on rat peritoneal mast cells. PACAP 38 and PACAP 16-38 were the most active peptides, followed by PACAP 27. PACAP 38 and PACAP 16-38 dose-dependently increased histamine(More)
Effects of OM-853 on behavioral responses in the forced swim test were studied. OM-853 significantly reduced the duration of immobility without any change in the exploratory activity. Imipramine also reduced the duration of immobility, but idebenone did not. On the other hand, vinpocetine enhanced the duration with a suppressive effect on ambulation. The(More)
Intestinal administration of various lactobacilli has been reported to affect autonomic neurotransmission, blood pressure, and body weight in rats. In this study, three molecules (peaks A, B, and C) were isolated from Lactobacillus pentosus strain S-PT84 (S-PT 84) culture supernatants. Intraduodenal (ID) injection of these molecules increased or inhibited(More)
In a previous report, evidence was presented that flavangenol supplementation has an anti-ischemic effects in rats. In the study presented here, we examined the autonomic effects of intraduodenal (ID) injection of flavangenol in urethane-anesthetized rats and found that it increased sympathetic nerve activity innervating brown adipose tissue (BAT-SNA) in a(More)
Diketopiperazines (DKPs) are naturally-occurring cyclic dipeptides with a small structure and are found in many organisms and in large amounts in some foods and beverages. We found that a chicken essence beverage, which is popular among Southeast Asians as a traditional remedy and a rich source of DKPs, inhibited the serotonin transporter (SERT) and(More)
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