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Recently cDNA encoding the histamine H3 receptor was isolated after 15 years of considerable research. However, several studies have proposed heterogeneity of the H3 receptor. We report here the molecular cloning and characterization of a novel type of histamine receptor. A novel orphan G-protein-coupled receptor named GPRv53 was obtained through a search(More)
To study microglial/macrophage infiltration, a cuprizone-induced model for demyelination in C57BL/6 mice was established. Cuprizone is known to cause demyelination in Swiss mice, however, cuprizone-induced demyelination in C57BL/6 mice has not been previously described. Induction of demyelination in C57BL/6 mice enables examination of the function of(More)
p160ROCK is a serine/threonine protein kinase that binds selectively to GTP-Rho and is activated by this binding. To identify its function, we transfected HeLa cells with wild type and mutants of p160ROCK and examined morphology of the transfected cells. Transfection with wild type and mutants containing the kinase domain and the coiled-coil forming region(More)
Intrinsic circuit of the superior colliculus (SC), in particular the pathway from the optic tract (OT) to neurons in the intermediate layer (SGI), was investigated by whole-cell patch-clamp recording in slice preparations obtained from 17- to 24-d-old rats. Stimulation of the OT induced monosynaptic EPSPs in neurons in the superficial gray layer (SGS) and(More)
Rho small GTPase regulates cell morphology, adhesion and cytokinesis through the actin cytoskeleton. We have identified a protein, p140mDia, as a downstream effector of Rho. It is a mammalian homolog of Drosophila diaphanous, a protein required for cytokinesis, and belongs to a family of formin-related proteins containing repetitive polyproline stretches.(More)
Novel 'super-binary' vectors that carried two separate T-DNAs were constructed. One T-DNA contained a drug-resistance, selection-marker gene and the other contained a gene for beta-glucuronidase (GUS). A large number of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and rice (Oryza sativa L.) transformants were produced by Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404 that carried the(More)
In contrast to findings in the cat, it recently has been shown that disynaptic pyramidal EPSPs only rarely are observed in forelimb motoneurons of the macaque monkey in the intact spinal cord or after a corticospinal transection in C(5). This finding has been taken to indicate that the disynaptic pyramidal excitatory pathway via C(3)-C(4) propriospinal(More)
The small GTP-binding protein Rho functions as a molecular switch in the formation of focal adhesions and stress fibers, cytokinesis and transcriptional activation. The biochemical mechanism underlying these actions remains unknown. Using a ligand overlay assay, we purified a 160 kDa platelet protein that bound specifically to GTP-bound Rho. This protein,(More)
In previous studies, using polymerase chain reaction amplification of HIV-1 genes directly from pathologic tissues of children who died with AIDS encephalopathy, we showed that the reading frame of the HIV-1 regulatory nef gene is open, suggesting that the nef protein was expressed. We now show, using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization with(More)
1. The human liver UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms involved in the glucuronidation of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38), the active metabolite of irinotecan (CPT-11), have been studied using microsomes from human liver and insect cells expressing human UGTs (1A1, 1A3, 1A4, 1A6, 1A9, 2B7, 2B15). 2. The glucuronidation of SN-38 was catalysed(More)