Yoshinobu Nakanishi

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Axon pruning is a common phenomenon in neural circuit development. Previous studies demonstrate that the engulfing action of glial cells is essential in this process. The underlying molecular mechanisms, however, remain unknown. We show that draper (drpr) and ced-6, which are essential for the clearance of apoptotic cells in C. elegans, function in the(More)
After engulfment of apoptotic cells through phosphatidylserine (PS)-mediated recognition, microglia secrete prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a potent anti-inflammatory molecule in the central nervous system. Despite the clinical significance, the mechanism underlying PGE2 production by phagocytosis of apoptotic cells is poorly understood. In the present study, we(More)
To evaluate the usefulness of microglial markers for routine neuropathological material, we studied formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human brain tissue with the immunoperoxidase method using the lectin Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA-1) and four monoclonal antibodies (LN-1, LN-2, LN-3, anti-HLA-DR/alpha). RCA-1 stained resting microglia, but the staining(More)
Necrosis, a kind of cell death closely associated with pathogenesis and genetic programs, is distinct from apoptosis in both morphology and mechanism. Like apoptotic cells, necrotic cells are swiftly removed from animal bodies to prevent harmful inflammatory and autoimmune responses. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, gain-of-function mutations in(More)
The role and pathological significance of apoptosis in an influenza virus-infected host has been hotly debated. Influenza virus-induced apoptosis was primarily thought to be a host defense mechanism to limit virus replication and eliminate viruses from the host; however, the virus has mechanisms not only to overcome but to utilize apoptosis for its(More)
In the Results section, under the subheading " ANOH-1 acts in touch neurons to promote the removal of necrotic touch neurons " , the sentence " In addition, Pmec-7 anoh-1b::gfp also leads to the recovery of PS exposure on necrotic neuron surfaces (S7 Fig) " is incorrect. The sentence should read: " In addition, Pmec-7 anoh-1b::mCherry also leads to the(More)
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