Yoshinobu Nakanishi

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Axon pruning is a common phenomenon in neural circuit development. Previous studies demonstrate that the engulfing action of glial cells is essential in this process. The underlying molecular mechanisms, however, remain unknown. We show that draper (drpr) and ced-6, which are essential for the clearance of apoptotic cells in C. elegans, function in the(More)
The mechanism of phagocytic elimination of dying cells in Drosophila is poorly understood. This study was undertaken to examine the recognition and engulfment of apoptotic cells by Drosophila hemocytes/macrophages in vitro and in vivo. In the in vitro analysis, l(2)mbn cells (a cell line established from larval hemocytes of a tumorous Drosophila mutant)(More)
More than half of differentiating spermatogenic cells undergo apoptosis before maturing into spermatozoa during mammalian spermatogenesis. These cells are selectively and rapidly eliminated through phagocytosis by Sertoli cells, a testicular somatic cell type possessing phagocytic activity. We have investigated the mechanism by which Sertoli cells(More)
Phagocytic removal of cells undergoing apoptosis is necessary for animal development and tissue homeostasis. Draper, a homologue of the Caenorhabditis elegans phagocytosis receptor CED-1, is responsible for the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells in Drosophila, but its ligand presumably present on apoptotic cells remains unknown. An endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Class B scavenger receptor type I (SR-BI), a multiligand membrane protein, exists in various organs and cell types. In the testis, SR-BI is expressed in two somatic cell types: Leydig cells and Sertoli cells. Unlike interstitially localized Leydig cells, Sertoli cells present within the seminiferous tubules keep contact with spermatogenic cells and form the(More)
Integrin βν, one of two β subunits of Drosophila integrin, acts as a receptor in the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. We here examined the involvement of this receptor in defense against infection by Staphylococcus aureus. Flies lacking integrin βν died earlier than control flies upon a septic but not oral infection with this bacterium. A loss of integrin(More)
Pathogenic bacteria mitigate host immunity to establish infections, but the mechanism of this bacterial action has not been fully elucidated. To search for cell wall components that modulate innate immune responses in host organisms, we examined Staphylococcus aureus mutants, which were deficient in components of the cell wall, for pathogenicity in(More)
Calnexin is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident molecular chaperone that plays an essential role in the correct folding of membrane proteins. We found that calnexin is subjected to partial cleavage in apoptotic mouse cells. Both ER stress-inducing and ER stress-non-inducing apoptotic stimuli caused the cleavage of calnexin, indicating that this event(More)
The data presented here are an extension of the molecular characterization of DNA puff C4 of Bradysia hygida. A cDNA related to a gene amplified in this puff and expressed when puff C4 expands was cloned and sequenced. Analysis of the amino acid sequence deduced from the open reading frame present in the cDNA indicate that the encoded protein is secreted(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) are known to play important roles in the proliferation and differentiation of leukaemia cells. The effect of the inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of PG, on the proliferation and differentiation of leukaemia cell lines was investigated. COX-2 inhibitors, NS-398 and nabumetone, suppressed the(More)