Yoshinobu Izumi

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pp60v-src tyrosine protein kinase was suggested to interact with Ca2+-bound calmodulin (Ca2+/CaM) through the N-terminal region based on its structural similarities to CAP-23/NAP-22, a myristoylated neuron-specific protein, whose myristoyl group is essential for interaction with Ca2+/CaM; (1) the N terminus of pp60v-src is myristoylated like CAP-23/NAP-22;(More)
The solution structures of complexes between calcium-saturated calmodulin (Ca (2+)/CaM) and a CaM-binding domain of the HIV-1 matrix protein p17 have been determined by small-angle X-ray scattering with use of synchrotron radiation as an intense and stable X-ray source. We used three synthetic peptides of residues 11-28, 26-47, and 11-47 of p17 to(More)
Pulsed-field gradient (PFG) diffusion NMR spectroscopy studies were conducted with several helix-loop-helix regulatory Ca(2+)-binding proteins to characterize the conformational changes associated with Ca(2+)-saturation and/or binding targets. The calmodulin (CaM) system was used as a basis for evaluation, with similar hydrodynamic radii (R(h)) obtained for(More)
Protein 4.1G (4.1G) is a widely expressed member of the protein 4.1 family of membrane skeletal proteins. We have previously reported that Ca2+-saturated calmodulin (Ca2+/CaM) modulates 4.1G interactions with transmembrane and membrane-associated proteins through binding to Four.one-ezrin–radixin–moesin (4.1G FERM) domain and N-terminal headpiece region(More)
The denaturation of calmodulin (CaM) induced by urea has been studied by small-angle X-ray scattering, which is a direct way to evaluate the shape changes in a protein molecule. In the absence of Ca(2+), the radii of gyration (R(g)) of CaM are 20.8+/-0.3 A in the native state and about 34+/-1.0 A in the unfolded state. The transition curve derived from(More)
Tandem repeats occur in 14% of all proteins. The repeat unit lengths range from a single amino acid to more than 100 residues and the repeat number is sometimes over 100. Understanding the structures, functions, and evolution of these repeats is a significant goal in both proteomics and genomics. This review summarizes experimental studies addressing(More)
It was recently found that the myristoyl group of CAP-23/NAP-22, a neuron-specific protein kinase C substrate, is essential for the interaction between the protein and Ca(2+)-bound calmodulin (Ca(2+)/CaM). Based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence alignment of CAP-23/NAP-22 and other myristoylated proteins, including the Nef protein from human(More)
The highly accurate BCI using alpha waves was developed for controlling the robot arm, and real-time operation was succeeded by using noninvasive electrodes. The significant components of the alpha wave were identified by spectral analysis and confirmation of the amplitude of the alpha wave. When the alpha wave was observed in the subject, the subjects were(More)
The S100A3 homotetramer assembles upon citrullination of a specific symmetric Arg51 pair on its homodimer interface in human hair cuticular cells. Each S100A3 subunit contains two EF-hand-type Ca(2+)-binding motifs and one (Cys)3His-type Zn(2+)-binding site in the C-terminus. The C-terminal coiled domain is cross-linked to the presumed docking surface of(More)
Small-angle X-ray scattering was used to investigate the role of acid region contiguous to the calmodulin-binding domain (391-414) of calcineurin in the target recognition by calmodulin. Three synthetic peptides with the residues 385-414, 380-414 and 374-414 of calcineurin A were used for this aim. The X-ray data are consistent with the fact that calmodulin(More)