Yoshinobu Izumi

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The solution structures of complexes between calcium-saturated calmodulin (Ca (2+)/CaM) and a CaM-binding domain of the HIV-1 matrix protein p17 have been determined by small-angle X-ray scattering with use of synchrotron radiation as an intense and stable X-ray source. We used three synthetic peptides of residues 11-28, 26-47, and 11-47 of p17 to(More)
Pulsed-field gradient (PFG) diffusion NMR spectroscopy studies were conducted with several helix-loop-helix regulatory Ca(2+)-binding proteins to characterize the conformational changes associated with Ca(2+)-saturation and/or binding targets. The calmodulin (CaM) system was used as a basis for evaluation, with similar hydrodynamic radii (R(h)) obtained for(More)
Protein 4.1G (4.1G) is a widely expressed member of the protein 4.1 family of membrane skeletal proteins. We have previously reported that Ca2+-saturated calmodulin (Ca2+/CaM) modulates 4.1G interactions with transmembrane and membrane-associated proteins through binding to Four.one-ezrin–radixin–moesin (4.1G FERM) domain and N-terminal headpiece region(More)
The denaturation of calmodulin (CaM) induced by urea has been studied by small-angle X-ray scattering, which is a direct way to evaluate the shape changes in a protein molecule. In the absence of Ca(2+), the radii of gyration (R(g)) of CaM are 20.8+/-0.3 A in the native state and about 34+/-1.0 A in the unfolded state. The transition curve derived from(More)
pp60v-src tyrosine protein kinase was suggested to interact with Ca2+-bound calmodulin (Ca2+/CaM) through the N-terminal region based on its structural similarities to CAP-23/NAP-22, a myristoylated neuron-specific protein, whose myristoyl group is essential for interaction with Ca2+/CaM; (1) the N terminus of pp60v-src is myristoylated like CAP-23/NAP-22;(More)
Tandem repeats occur in 14% of all proteins. The repeat unit lengths range from a single amino acid to more than 100 residues and the repeat number is sometimes over 100. Understanding the structures, functions, and evolution of these repeats is a significant goal in both proteomics and genomics. This review summarizes experimental studies addressing(More)
It was recently found that the myristoyl group of CAP-23/NAP-22, a neuron-specific protein kinase C substrate, is essential for the interaction between the protein and Ca(2+)-bound calmodulin (Ca(2+)/CaM). Based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence alignment of CAP-23/NAP-22 and other myristoylated proteins, including the Nef protein from human(More)
The S100A3 homotetramer assembles upon citrullination of a specific symmetric Arg51 pair on its homodimer interface in human hair cuticular cells. Each S100A3 subunit contains two EF-hand-type Ca(2+)-binding motifs and one (Cys)3His-type Zn(2+)-binding site in the C-terminus. The C-terminal coiled domain is cross-linked to the presumed docking surface of(More)
Small-angle X-ray scattering was used to investigate the role of acid region contiguous to the calmodulin-binding domain (391-414) of calcineurin in the target recognition by calmodulin. Three synthetic peptides with the residues 385-414, 380-414 and 374-414 of calcineurin A were used for this aim. The X-ray data are consistent with the fact that calmodulin(More)