Yoshinobu Ichimura

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Impaired selective turnover of p62 by autophagy causes severe liver injury accompanied by the formation of p62-positive inclusions and upregulation of detoxifying enzymes. These phenotypes correspond closely to the pathological conditions seen in human liver diseases, including alcoholic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the molecular(More)
Impairment of autophagic degradation of the ubiquitin- and LC3-binding protein "p62" leads to the formation of cytoplasmic inclusion bodies. However, little is known about the sorting mechanism of p62 to autophagic degradation. Here we identified a motif of murine p62 consisting of 11 amino acids (Ser334-Ser344) containing conserved acidic and hydrophobic(More)
Autophagy and the Cvt pathway are examples of nonclassical vesicular transport from the cytoplasm to the vacuole via double-membrane vesicles. Apg8/Aut7, which plays an important role in the formation of such vesicles, tends to bind to membranes in spite of its hydrophilic nature. We show here that the nature of the association of Apg8 with membranes(More)
Autophagy is a bulk degradation process in eukaryotic cells; autophagosomes enclose cytoplasmic components for degradation in the lysosome/vacuole. Autophagosome formation requires two ubiquitin-like conjugation systems, the Atg12 and Atg8 systems, which are tightly associated with expansion of autophagosomal membrane. Previous studies have suggested that(More)
Autophagy involves de novo formation of double membrane-bound structures called autophagosomes, which engulf material to be degraded in lytic compartments. Atg8 is a ubiquitin-like protein required for this process in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that can be conjugated to the lipid phosphatidylethanolamine by a ubiquitin-like system. Here, we show using an in(More)
The Keap1-Nrf2 system and autophagy are both involved in the oxidative-stress response, metabolic pathways, and innate immunity, and dysregulation of these processes is associated with pathogenic processes. However, the interplay between these two pathways remains largely unknown. Here, we show that phosphorylation of the autophagy-adaptor protein p62(More)
Autophagy is a highly conserved bulk protein degradation pathway responsible for the turnover of long-lived proteins, disposal of damaged organelles, and clearance of aggregate-prone proteins. Thus, inactivation of autophagy results in cytoplasmic protein inclusions, which are composed of misfolded proteins and excess accumulation of deformed organelles,(More)
In an analogous manner to protein ubiquitination, The C terminus of Atg8p, a yeast protein essential for autophagy, conjugates to a head group of phosphatidylethanolamine via an amide bond. Though physiological role of this reaction is assigned to membrane organization during autophagy, its molecular details are still unknown. Here, we show that Escherichia(More)
Loss of autophagy causes liver injury, cardiomyopathy and neurodegeneration, associated with the formation of ubiquitin-positive inclusion bodies. However, the pathogenic mechanism and molecular machinery involved in inclusion formation are not fully understood. We recently identified a ubiquitin-binding protein, p62/A170/SQSTM1, as a molecule involved in(More)
The autophagy–lysosome pathway is a highly conserved bulk degradation system in eukaryotes. During starvation, cytoplasmic constituents are non-selectively degraded by autophagy, and the resulting amino acids are utilized for cell survival. By taking advantage of mouse genetics, many physiological functions of mammalian autophagy have been uncovered.(More)