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The effect of microinjection of a GABAB receptor agonist, baclofen, into the ventral tegmental area on the rewarding effect of morphine was investigated using the conditioned place preference paradigm in rats. Morphine (1-8 mg/kg, s.c.) caused a dose-related place preference for the drug-associated place. In contrast, microinjection of baclofen (0.1-1(More)
Involvement of GABAergic systems in action of antidepressants was examined in the forced swim test in rats. Rats were forced to swim in a cylinder for 15 min on day 1 and for 5 min on day 2. Desipramine, mianserin and buspirone, administered after the 15-min swim session on day 1 and before the 5-min swim test on day 2, dose-dependently decreased the(More)
Effects of muscimol on the place learning in Morris water maze task were investigated in rats. Rats were given 4 training trials per day with the submerged platform at a fixed location in the maze for 4 days. On day 4, rats were required to swim in the pool without the platform after 4 training trials (probe test). Compared to the saline-treated rats, the(More)
There are two gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) hypotheses of the antidepressants action: an increase in GABAA neurotransmission or a decrease in GABAB neurotransmission may contribute to action of antidepressants. In this study, involvement of GABAA and GABAB receptor systems was examined in the learned helplessness paradigm in rats. Rats were injected with(More)
Involvement of GABAergic systems in action of antidepressants was examined in the learned helplessness paradigm in rats. Rats were treated with desipramine, baclofen or muscimol for 14 days. On day 14, the rats were subjected to 90 inescapable shocks. On day 15, the rats received the 40-trial escape test. The inescapable shocks induced the subsequent(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of somatosensory cortex (SI) in the control of orofacial movements during eating. We identified perioral and tongue projection regions of the cat SI and destroyed cells in one region by injecting kainic acid. The effects on orofacial behavior were then studied over a period of 4-6 weeks. Cats with(More)
With the advent of thrombolytic therapy, hemorrhagic myocardial infarction (HMI) has been observed in experimental and human autopsy studies. However, its clinical implications remain undetermined, because of the absence of a reliable method to detect its presence in vivo. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical implications of HMI detected by(More)
Aging is associated with increased cellular levels of lipid peroxides and reactive oxygen species. This increase in the radical species may affect membrane fluidity and consequently membrane functions. We attempted to determine whether age-related increases in lipid peroxide and reactive oxygen species levels affect the annular fluidity of the bile(More)
A case of cavernous angioma at the lateral wall of the third ventricle which was totally removed with interhemispheric trans-lamina terminalis approach is reported. A 40-year-old male had a slowly progressive onset of partial diabetes insipidus and headache with no neurological deficit . CT scan revealed a high density area at anterior third ventricle. The(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI2), a strong vasodilator of cerebral vessels and potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation, was infused intravenously into seven cats after induction of prolonged vasospasm by hourly application of oxyhaemoglobin solution into the subarachnoid space round the basilar artery. PGI2, at a concentration of 50 ng/kg/min, was effective in(More)