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In Drosophila, the Polycomb-group constitutes a set of structurally diverse proteins that act together to silence target genes. Many mammalian Polycomb-group proteins have also been identified and show functional similarities with their invertebrate counterparts. To begin to analyze the function of Polycomb-group proteins in Xenopus development, we have(More)
EGF precursor (proEGF) is a member of the family of membrane-anchored EGF-like growth factors that bind with high affinity to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). In contrast to human transforming growth factor-alpha precursor (proTGFalpha), which is sorted basolaterally in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells (Dempsey, P., and R. Coffey, 1994. J.(More)
sFlt-1 (soluble Flt-1) potently inhibits angiogenesis by binding extracellularly to VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor). In the present paper, we report that hypoxia down-regulates sFlt-1 expression in HMVECs (human microvascular endothelial cells), a constituent of microvessels where angiogenesis occurs. Hypoxia (5-1% O₂) increased VEGF expression in(More)
We examined the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and FGF receptor by immunohistochemistry in 32 human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas. Mild to marked basic FGF immunoreactivity was noted in 19 (59.4%) of the 32 tumours examined, and 30 (93.3%) of the tumours exhibited a cytoplasmic staining pattern against FGF receptor. The tumours were(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is a major obstacle in treating oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, little is known about apoptosis resistance, which contributes to 5-FU resistance in OSCC. METHODS We focussed on the cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 (cIAP2) on the basis of a DNA microarray data using parental and(More)
PURPOSE Epidemiological and experimental studies have revealed that exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) light can induce cataractogenesis. The objective of this study was to determine gene expression changes in human lens epithelial cells in response to UVB exposure and identify factors that can be involved in UVB-induced cataractogenesis. METHODS SV40(More)
Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) functions as a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis by trapping vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). However, the precise regulatory mechanism of sFlt-1 production is unknown. Here, we report that vascular sFlt-1 production is regulated by heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein D (hnRNP D) and arginine(More)
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