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We report here that importin alpha accumulates reversibly in the nucleus in response to cellular stresses including UV irradiation, oxidative stress, and heat shock. The nuclear accumulation of importin alpha appears to be triggered by a collapse in the Ran gradient, resulting in the suppression of the nuclear export of importin alpha. In addition, nuclear(More)
Nup98 is a mobile nucleoporin that forms distinct dots in the nucleus, and, although a role for Nup98 in nuclear transport has been suggested, its precise function remains unclear. Here, we show that Nup98 plays an important role in Crm1-mediated nuclear protein export. Nuclear, but not cytoplasmic, dots of EGFP-tagged Nup98 disappeared rapidly after cell(More)
The cellular distribution of malondialdehyde (MDA) was assessed immunohistochemically in brain specimens from young and normal elderly subjects as well as patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). MDA was increased in the cytoplasm of neurons and astrocytes in both normal aging and AD, but was rarely detected in normal young subjects. By electron microscopic(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the associations of hyperfiltration and hypofiltration with prediabetes and prehypertension. METHODS The study subjects included 99 140 people aged 20-89 years who underwent health checkups in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The prevalence of hyperfiltration [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) above the(More)
Npap60 (Nup50) is a nucleoporin that binds directly to importin alpha. In humans, there are two Npap60 isoforms: the long (Npap60L) and short (Npap60S) forms. In this study, we provide both in vitro and in vivo evidence that Npap60L and Npap60S function differently in nuclear protein import. In vitro binding assays revealed that Npap60S stabilizes the(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) causes hypoxemia, negative intrathoracic pressure, and frequent arousal, contributing to increased cardiovascular disease mortality and morbidity. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is linked to hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cardiac arrhythmias. Successful continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Presepsin is highlighted as a diagnostic and prognostic marker of sepsis. Little information is available regarding the accurate association between presepsin levels and the degree of kidney function. We analyzed presepsin levels in patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the categories G1 to G5, evaluated via inulin renal clearance(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Inflammation is an established mortality risk factor in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Although a previous report showed that uremic Caucasian patients with inflammation had signs of global DNA hypermethylation, it is still unknown whether DNA hypermethylation is linked to inflammatory markers including a marker of bacterial(More)