Yoshinari Tanabe

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that causes disease in patients with impaired host defenses; it is often a cause of life-threatening nosocomial infection in critically ill and immunocompromised patients. An increase in the prevalence of multiple-drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRP) in hospitals is thus a worldwide problem. These(More)
We report the case of a 44-year-old woman with disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection involving multiple bone lesions despite a normal healthy status until 6 months previously. Because she was suspected to have acquired immunodeficiency, we tested interferon (IFN)-gamma production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) after(More)
OBJECTIVES Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRP) is becoming a serious problem in hospitals, especially in patients on ventilators. Recent data demonstrate that colistin may be effective for these patients, although limited in vitro and in vivo data are available. Our aim was to identify further characteristics of colistin for the therapy of(More)
BACKGROUND Whether tenofovir nephrotoxicity is reversible after its withdrawal is unknown. Furthermore, there are no data on the viral efficacy of raltegravir (RAL) plus ritonavir-boosted Darunavir (DRV/r) in patients with suppressed viral load. METHODS This multicenter, randomized trial compared renal function and viral efficacy in patients with(More)
Engagement of the IFN-alphabeta receptor initiates multiple signaling cascades, including activation of the STAT. In this study, we demonstrate that IFN-alphabeta, although antiproliferative in wild-type CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells, act as strong mitogens on their STAT1(-/-) counterparts. Furthermore, IFN-alphabeta exert little effect on apoptosis in wild-type(More)
Type I interferon (IFN)-alpha/beta and type II IFN-gamma induce the expression of early response genes through activation of the Janus tyrosine kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) pathway. Although IFNs regulate a variety of other signaling cascades, little is known about how they contribute to the biological activities of these(More)
In this study, we have evaluated the efficacy of calcium-EDTA (Ca-EDTA) as an inhibitor of bacterial metalloenzymes, such as metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) and other proteases, in a mouse model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia. The simultaneous presence of Ca-EDTA (32 μg/ml) reduced the MICs of imipenem (IPM) in all MBL-producing P. aeruginosa isolates(More)
Using Amebocyte lysate of horseshoe crab to measure (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan specifically, a component of the cell wall, several kinds of diagnostic methods for deep mycosis are in practical use in Japan. However, the most important problem is that the judgment of positive or negative is method dependent. To elucidate the cause of the problem, each measurement(More)
We treated a case of adult-onset severe-form anaphylactoid purpura. This case had been diagnosed as anaphylactoid purpura pathologically by skin biopsy. However, his clinical manifestations were atypical in view of complicated massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Intensive therapy including corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide transiently improved his(More)
AIM Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a common and serious illness. CAP can be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. This study aims to investigate the precision of disease severity staging scales such as Pneumonia Outcomes Research Team (PORT) Severity Index (PSI) and A-DROP (Age, Dehydration, Respiratory failure,(More)