Yoshinari Seki

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Several clinical reports have indicated that autistic patients often show disturbance of the circadian rhythm, which may be related to dysfunction of the serotonergic system in the brain. Using rats exposed prenatally to valproic acid (VPA) as an animal model of autism, we examined locomotor activity and feeding under a reversed 12-h light/dark cycle, and(More)
To gain insight into the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in Zen meditation, we evaluated the effects of focused attention (FA) on breathing movements in the lower abdomen (Tanden) in novices. We investigated hemodynamic changes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), an attention-related brain region, using 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy during a(More)
The present study re-evaluated an existing notion that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) could not cross the brain to the circulating blood via the blood-brain barrier (BBB). To elevate brain 5-HT alone, 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP; 30-75 mg/kg) was administrated intravenously to anaesthetized rats that had undergone gastrointestinal and kidney(More)
The effects of microinjection of histamine into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus on yawning responses were investigated in anesthetized, spontaneously breathing rats. Yawning responses were evaluated by monitoring the intercostal electromyogram (EMG) as an index of inspiratory activity and digastric EMG as an indicator of mouth opening.(More)
This study evaluates a possible involvement of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and serotonergic (5-HT) system in psychiatric and electroencephalography (EEG) changes during and after pedaling exercise (PE). The subjects performed PE for 15 min using a cycle ergometer. PE rate was kept at 60 rpm, and the work load (93+/-5.4 W) was decided for each subject before(More)
Several clinical reports have suggested that there is a hyperactivation of the dopaminergic system in people with autism. Using rats exposed prenatally to valproic acid (VPA) as an animal model of autism, we measured dopamine (DA) levels in samples collected from the frontal cortex (FC) using in vivo microdialysis and HPLC. The basal DA level in FC was(More)
We examined the effects of light stimulation on cortical activation and yawning response in anesthetized, spontaneously breathing rats. Cortical activation was assessed by means of an electrocorticogram (ECoG) and yawning response was evaluated by monitoring an intercostal electromyogram as an index of inspiratory activity and a digastric electromyogram as(More)
Orexin-A is a neuropeptide which has been suggested to be involved in sleep and arousal mechanisms. Orexin-A, for example, stimulates arousal when administrated intracerebroventricularly to rats. We attempted to identify specific neural sites of orexin-A and orexin-B action. Orexin-A and orexin-B were microinjected into the medial parvocellular subdivision(More)
Our previous studies have suggested that activation of the hypothalamic paraventricular (PVN) descending oxytocinergic projections is involved in the induction of yawning accompanied by an arousal response, but the possibility that neural systems other than the oxytocinergic system in the PVN also mediate the arousal/yawning response cannot be ruled out. We(More)
The serotonin (5-HT) system in the brain plays an important role in mood regulation. The postpartum period is considered a high-risk time for mood and anxiety disorders. We assessed changes in 5-HT levels in whole blood (as an indicator of brain 5-HT concentrations) and mood states before and after delivery in 28 healthy, lactating postpartum women. Mood(More)