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Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is commonly used to assess irreversibly infarcted tissue but its accuracy is challenged by reports of diffusion lesion reversal (DLR). We investigated the frequency and implications for mismatch classification of DLR using imaging from the EPITHET (Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolytic Evaluation Trial) and DEFUSE (Diffusion and(More)
INTRODUCTION It is often clinically difficult to assess the severity of aphasia in the earliest stage of cerebral infarction. A method enabling objective assessment of verbal function is needed for this purpose. We examined whether diffusion tensor (DT) tractography is of clinical value in assessing aphasia. METHODS Thirteen right-handed patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and anisotropy (eg, fractional anisotropy (FA)) of ischaemic tissue evolve over time. A reduction in diffusivity (ie, lambda(2) and lambda(3)) is an important marker for characterising hyperacute-stage infarction, as these parameters may reflect axonal membrane status. The study examines whether(More)
INTRODUCTION The most common cause of central pontine myelinolysis is an overly rapid correction of hyponatremia, although it can also occur in patients with any condition leading to nutritional or electrolyte stress. We report a case of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with central pontine myelinolysis developing at the onset of disease. To the best of our(More)
The mechanism of the inflammatory response in the vascular wall in atherothrombosis and during the progression of atherosclerosis has attracted attention. We focused on the potential usefulness of inflammatory markers in chronic recurrent brain infarction, and analyzed the role of inflammatory markers in atherosclerosis of the intracranial artery. The(More)
Although the relationships between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cognitive impairment (CI) have been highlighted, the etiology of CI in CKD remains uncertain. Subjects comprised 224 consecutive patients with symptomatic lacunar infarction who underwent magnetic resonance imaging and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). Diurnal blood pressure (BP)(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs) have attracted attention as blood coagulation-promoting, endothelial cell-activating factors. The objective of this study was to determine the parameters associated with elevated PDMP levels and examine their relationship with atherosclerotic lesions of main intracranial and extracranial arteries. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE the Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolytic Evaluation Trial (EPITHET) was a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, phase II trial of alteplase between 3 and 6 hours after stroke onset. The primary outcome of infarct growth attenuation on MRI with alteplase in mismatch patients was negative when mismatch volumes were(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to define irreversibly damaged infarct core is challenged by data suggesting potential partial reversal of DWI abnormalities. However, previous studies have not considered infarct involution. We investigated the prevalence of DWI lesion reversal in the EPITHET Trial. METHODS EPITHET randomized patients(More)