Yoshinari Makino

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Hippocampal place cells (PCs) are believed to represent environmental structure. However, it is unclear how and which brain regions represent goals and guide movements. Recently, another type of cells that fire around a goal was found in rat hippocampus (we designate these cells as goal place cells, GPCs). This suggests that the hippocampus is also involved(More)
A novel method of repeated hepatic dearterialization was evaluated in five patients with multiple metastases from gastric cancer in both hepatic lobes. After gastrectomy with extensive lymph node dissection (R2/3), all patients underwent implantation of a vascular occluder around the hepatic artery. Cannulation of the hepatic artery was added for later(More)
By using a hard-wired oscillator network, multiple pattern generation of the lobster pyloric network is simulated. The network model is constructed using a relaxation oscillator representing an oscillatory or quiescent (i.e. steady-state) neuron. Modulatory inputs to the network are hypothesized to cause changes in the dynamical properties of each pyloric(More)
In terrestrial gastropod mollusks (slugs and snails), olfaction is the dominant sensory modality guiding various kinds of behavior. Anatomical studies indicate that olfactory information is processed in the brain (the cerebral ganglion) in two lobes in particular: the procerebrum (PC) and the metacerebrum (MtC). This implies that olfactory functions emerge(More)
Metastasis from a malignant tumor to the palatine tonsils is rare, with only 100 cases reported in the English-language literature. Tonsillar metastasis from a gastric cancer is very rare. We report here a case of palatine tonsillar metastasis after gastric cancer surgery. The patient was an 88-year-old woman who had gastric cancer with abdominal wall(More)
Olfactory information flows within the terrestrial slug's brain are presented. Because brain functions emerge from simultaneous and cooperative information processing in various brain regions, such information flows are important to understand mechanisms for communication among the neurons in brain. Three aspects concerning the information flows for(More)
Thioredoxin, a cellular thiol, functions as a self-defense mechanism in response to environmental stimuli, including oxidative stress. We first determined cellular levels of thioredoxin in several human bladder and prostatic cancer cell lines resistant to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin). AH cisplatin-resistant cell lines had much higher levels(More)