Yoshinari Aimi

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The presence of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-diaphorase activity was studied histochemically in the sensory ganglia of the rat. Supraspinally, the trigeminal ganglion possessed only a few cells positively stained for NADPH-diaphorase, while a large number of positive neurons was found in the nodose ganglion. In the dorsal root(More)
PURPOSE Mitogenic effects of seizures on granule cell progenitors in the dentate gyrus were studied in two rat models of epilepsy. We investigated which stage of epileptogenesis is critical for eliciting progenitor cell division and whether seizure-induced neuronal degeneration is responsible for the enhancement of progenitor cell division. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the relationship of neuronal death to cellular responses, we studied neuronal death as well as reactions of glia and progenitor cells in the hippocampus of two rat models of epilepsy. METHODS Seizures were induced by either kainic acid (KA) administration or electrical kindling. Neuronal degeneration was assessed by in situ DNA(More)
The localization of nitric oxide synthase, the enzyme responsible for producing the short-acting messenger nitric oxide, has been determined in the digestive tract of the rat using histochemistry for reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase activity, a specific marker for neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Positively stained neurons were(More)
Using a recently developed antiserum against a splice variant (pChAT) of choline acetyltransferase, the enzyme which synthesizes acetylcholine, we carried out an immunohistochemical examination in the digestive canal of rats. Positive staining was exclusively localized to neuronal cells and fibers. Positive somata were distributed widely in the intramural(More)
On the basis of our previous studies in the normal rat [Arai, R., Karasawa, N., Geffard, M., Nagatsu, I., 1995. L-DOPA is converted to dopamine in serotonergic fibers of the striatum of the rat: a double-labeling immunofluorescence study. Neurosci. Lett. 195, 195-198; Arai, R., Karasawa, N., Nagatsu, I., 1996a. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase is present(More)
The origin and distribution of cerebral perivascular nerves containing nitric oxide, a short-acting messenger or neurotransmitter, have been studied in the rat by histochemistry for reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase activity, a specific marker for neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Positively stained nerve fibers were distributed(More)
Rat trigeminal ganglion neurons have been shown to contain a splice variant of choline acetyltransferase (pChAT). Here we report the distribution pattern of pChAT-containing afferents from the trigeminal ganglion to the brainstem, compared with that of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP), by use of the immunohistochemical techniques(More)
As shown in the accompanying paper, choline acetyltransferase, so far the best histochemical marker for identifying cholinergic structures, has at least one alternative splice variant. The variant, termed pChAT because of its preferential expression in peripheral organs, encouraged us to study peripheral, probably cholinergic, cells and fibers by(More)
We have recently discovered a splice variant of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) mRNA and designated the variant protein pChAT because of its preferential expression in peripheral neuronal structures. In this study, the presence of pChAT in rat iris was examined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot using a pChAT antiserum, in combination with RT-PCR(More)