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BACKGROUND It has recently been recognized that there is a close relationship between spinal cord tethering (SCT) and congenital anorectal malformation (ARM). PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated spinal MRI examinations of 28 patients with ARM (14 boys and 14 girls) aged 5 months to 9 years. All patients diagnosed with SCT subsequently underwent operation.(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. One of the fundamental processes driving the initiation and progression of CRC is the accumulation of a variety of genetic and epigenetic changes in colonic epithelial cells. Over the past decade, major advances have been made in our understanding of cancer epigenetics, particularly(More)
The prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) patients with peritoneal dissemination remains poor, and a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms is critical for the development of new treatments that will improve survival in these patients. This study aimed to clarify the clinical and biological role of two key metastasis-associated long non-coding RNAs(More)
The impact of systemic inflammatory response (SIR) on prognostic and predictive outcome in rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has not been fully investigated. This retrospective study enrolled 89 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent neoadjuvant CRT and for whom platelet (PLT) counts and SIR status(More)
BACKGROUND Distant metastasis is the major cause of mortality in colorectal cancer (CRC). We performed a systemic, comprehensive discovery for expression patterns of metastasis-specific microRNAs (miRNAs) by directly comparing primary CRCs (pCRCs) and matched liver metastases (LMs) and evaluated the feasibility of their clinical application as(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study aimed to evaluate the significance of preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) as a prognostic marker for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-independent stage I or II colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS Preoperative CRP was measured in 300 CRC patients to assess its relationships with clinicopathological factors and(More)
AIMS To establish a causal relationship between the gene expression profiles of angiogenetic molecular markers, including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), in rectal cancer and the local responsiveness to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and subsequent disease recurrence.(More)
CD133 has been described as a marker for cancer stem cells (CSCs) in colorectal cancer. Additionally, it has been reported that CSCs are resistant to chemoradiotherapy (CRT). After previously observing that CD133 mRNA levels were elevated after CRT in rectal cancer patients, we further investigated CD133 expression in colorectal cancer following CRT using(More)
Smad interacting protein 1 (SIP1) is an epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT)-inducible gene that plays a key role in tumor progression in various cancers. This study seeks to clarify the clinical and biological significance of SIP1 expression, especially in intestinal type gastric cancer. We analyzed the mRNA levels of SIP1 and other EMT regulators by(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated changes in the gene expression profile in colon cancer in order to identify gene markers that may be useful in the management of this disease. METHODS The Cancer Genome Anatomy Project was used to detect differences in gene expression between normal and cancer tissue. The overexpression of dipeptidase-1 (DPEP1) in cancer tissue(More)