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Endothelial dysfunction or activation elicited by oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, characterized by intimal thickening and lipid deposition in the arteries. Ox-LDL and its lipid constituents impair endothelial production of nitric oxide, and induce the endothelial expression of(More)
We have investigated the lymphohematopoietic potentials of endothelial cells (EC) and hematopoietic cells (HPC) sorted from embryos. Expression of VE-cadherin, CD45, and Ter119 was used to distinguish EC (VE-cadherin+CD45-Ter119-) from HPC (VE-cadherin-CD45+). Thus defined, EC population takes up acetylated LDL and coexpresses CD31, Flk1, and CD34. In E9.5(More)
In early T cell development, progenitors retaining the potential to generate myeloid and natural killer lineages are eventually determined to a specific T cell lineage. The molecular mechanisms that drive this determination step remain unclarified. We show that, when murine hematopoietic progenitors were cultured on immobilized Notch ligand DLL4 protein in(More)
Flow cytometric and immunocytochemical analyses of murine fetal thymus (FT) cells with antibodies to various surface markers and transcription factors reveal that the synthesis of TCF-1 and GATA-3 protein begins simultaneously in a fraction of the most immature population of FT cells, which have the phenotype of CD4-CD8-CD44+CD25-. No TCF-1-producing cells(More)
The developmental potential of individual cells in the Lin-c-kit+CD45+IL-7R+ (IL-7R+) population from murine fetal liver was investigated using a clonal assay capable of determining the potential of a progenitor to give rise to myeloid, T, and B cells. Unipotent progenitors generating T cells (p-T) or B cells (p-B) but not other types of progenitors were(More)
Mice lacking the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor/pre-B cell growth stimulating factor or its primary physiological receptor CXCR4 revealed defects in B lymphopoiesis and bone marrow myelopoiesis during embryogenesis. We show here that adoptive transfer experiments reveal a deficiency in long-term lymphoid and myeloid repopulation in adult bone marrow(More)
We investigated the developmental potential of hemopoietic progenitors in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region, where the definitive type hemopoietic progenitors have been shown to emerge before the fetal liver develops. By using an assay system that is able to determine the developmental potential of individual progenitors toward the T, B, and myeloid(More)
During murine fetal development, hemato-poietic progenitors start to colonize the thymic anlage at day 11 of gestation via blood stream. The present study aims at identifying the earliest prethymic progenitors in circulation. Here, we show that the interleukin-7 receptor-positive (IL-7R+) cells in Lin- c-kit+ population are circulating exclusively between(More)
Thymus cells of murine fetuses at day 12 of gestation are exclusively of the CD3-CD4-CD8-CD44+CD25- phenotype, which is known as a hallmark of the most immature subset of thymus cells. In the present study, we show that day 12 fetal thymus (FT) cells express Fc gamma RII/ III (FcR) at a broad range of levels on their surface. The FcR+ FT cells seem to(More)
T cells are produced in the thymus from progenitors of extrathymic origin. As no specific markers are available, the developmental pathway of progenitors preceding thymic colonization remains unclear. Here we show that progenitors in murine fetal liver and blood, which are capable of giving rise to T cells, NK cells and dendritic cells, but not B cells, can(More)