Yoshimitsu Shiraishi

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The nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM, substantia innominata) in the basal forebrain provides a single major source of cholinergic innervation for the entire cerebral cortex. We tested the effects of nbM lesions on rabbit P300-like potentials. The P300-like event-related potential (ERP) was recorded in 14 female adult white rabbits using a conventional(More)
In cerebral ischemia of different degrees, the amplitudes of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) are facilitated or depressed. Different mechanisms might be responsible for the explanation of the contradictory phenomena. SEPs obtained using the paired stimulation method were employed in trying to find out the role of the functional changes of the(More)
Twenty-one rabbits were used in the ischemic group and six in the control group. Cerebral ischemia of variable degree was induced by Fe particle injection method. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) were compared when the CBF levels decreased to their minimum. The latency of the SEPs increased along with the decrease of the(More)
Head-down tilt (HDT) causes a fluid shift towards the upper body, which increases intracranial pressure (ICP). In the present study, the time course of ICP changes during prolonged exposure to HDT was investigated in conscious rabbits through a catheter chronically implanted into the subarachnoid space. The production of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after(More)
Changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) were studied in rabbits exposed to head-down tilt (HDT) at 45 degrees and 75 degrees. The animals were anesthetized with alpha chloralose and the lungs were artificially ventilated. CBF was continuously measured by laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), and SEPs were recorded as(More)
Eight rabbits were employed in this study. Under anesthesia, one electrode was fixed in the skull at the bregma and another was fixed, with three guide cannulas around it, at a parietal point 5 mm lateral to the bregma. Two weeks later, with a 10-day interval, either 0.5% lidocaine (9 microl) or the same volume of normal saline was injected into cortex(More)
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