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The nature of synaptic inputs from the medial mesodiencephalic junction to motoneurons in the oculomotor nucleus innervating the superior and inferior rectus muscles was investigated in anesthetized cats, using intracellular recording techniques. Stimulation of the region produced mono- or disynaptic EPSPs and IPSPs in inferior and superior rectus(More)
This study examines the direct projection of neurons in the pontomedullary reticular formation (RF) to the dorsal division of the facial nucleus (FN), where the orbicularis oculi motoneuron pool is located, and the nature of synaptic inputs to the RF neurons from the supraorbital branch of the trigeminal nerve (SON), using electrophysiological techniques in(More)
Twenty-one rabbits were used in the ischemic group and six in the control group. Cerebral ischemia of variable degree was induced by Fe particle injection method. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) were compared when the CBF levels decreased to their minimum. The latency of the SEPs increased along with the decrease of the(More)
This study investigated the nature of synaptic inputs from the Forel's field H (FFH) in the medial mesodiencephalic junction to inferior oblique (IO) motoneurons in the oculomotor nucleus and superior oblique (SO) motoneurons in the trochlear nucleus in anesthetized cats, using intracellular recording techniques. Stimulation of the FFH induced monosynaptic(More)
This study examines the nature of the efferent projection of omnipause neurons (OPNs) in the midline pontine tegmentum to medium-lead burst neurons (BNs) in the Forel's field H (FFH), both of which exhibit activities related to vertical eye movements, using chronically prepared alert cats. Antidromic spikes of the BNs evoked by oculomotor nucleus(More)
This study examines electrophysiologically the projection of neurons in the mesodiencephalic junction to the inferior rectus subdivision of the oculomotor nucleus, using cats anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium. Many of these neurons projected directly to the ipsilateral inferior rectus subdivision and some to both sides. The neurons appeared to(More)
Excitatory inputs to neurons in the Forel's field H (FFH) related to visually induced vertical saccades from the ipsilateral superior colliculus (SC) were investigated in chronically prepared alert cats. By stimulation of the deep or intermediate layer of the SC, upward augmenting neurons (ANs) and one long-lead downward burst neuron (BN) were found to be(More)
 The nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM, substantia innominata) in the basal forebrain provides a single major source of cholinergic innervation for the entire cerebral cortex. We tested the effects of nbM lesions on rabbit P300-like potentials. The P300-like event-related potential (ERP) was recorded in 14 female adult white rabbits using a conventional(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the firing patterns, location and projections of vertical eye movement-related neurones in the Forel's field H (FFH), the interstitial nucleus of Cajal (INC), and reticular formation of the mesodiencephalic junction (MDJ) in chronically prepared alert cats. A total of 456 neurones in the medial MDJ with firing(More)
Spikes of single neurons related to vertical eye movements and vertical head rotation were recorded extracellularly in the medial mesodiencephalic junction (MDJ) of chronically prepared alert cats, and their antidromic responses to stimulation of the pontine reticular formation (PRF) were studied. Among the vertical eye movement-related-neurons, augmenting(More)