Yoshimitsu Kiriyama

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We examined the effects of troglitazone, one of thiazolidinedione derivatives on human basophilic leukemia cell line KU812. Troglitazone caused the suppression of cell growth, which was suggested to result from the decrease in cyclin E and the hyperphosphorylated form of retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene product (pRb). In addition, troglitazone caused a(More)
Procalcitonin (PCT), the precursor protein of calcitonin (CT), has been considered recently as a significant indicator of bacterial infection and sepsis. However, the major source of PCT in sepsis remains unclear. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is activated during sepsis. Moreover, immunoreactive CT (iCT) can be detected in the pituitary.(More)
New alkenyl-1,4-benzoquinones, ardisianones A (1) and B (2), and the known maesanin (3) as 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors have been isolated from the rhizome of Ardisia japonica. Their structures have been elucidated as 2-methoxy-6-[(Z)-10'-pentadecenyl]-1,4-benzoquinone and 5-hydroxy-2-methoxy-6-[(Z)-8'-tridecenyl]-1,4-benzoquinone, respectively, on the basis(More)
New 1,4-benzoquinone derivatives, ardisiaquinones D(2), E(4), and F(5) along with the known ardisiaquinones A(1) and B(3) have been isolated from the leaves of Ardisia sieboldii (Myrsinaceae) and shown to be 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors. Their structures have been elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and chemical degradation. The degree of inhibition of(More)
Ardisiaquinone A (1), isolated as a potent 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor from the woods of Ardisia sieboldii, has been synthesized efficiently via a cross-coupling reaction between the yne 5 and the iodide 6 derived from the common intermediate 4. Inhibitory activity for 1 and its derivatives is also reported.
The estrogen-receptor-related receptors (ERRs) , , and are orphan nuclear hormone receptors that share significant homology with the estrogen receptors (ERs) but are not activated by natural estrogens. In contrast, the ERRs display constitutive transcriptional activity in the absence of exogenously added ligand. However, the ERRs bind to the estrogen(More)
Macroautophagy, hereafter referred to as autophagy, is a bulk degradation process performed by lysosomes in which aggregated and altered proteins as well as dysfunctional organelles are decomposed. Autophagy is a basic cellular process that maintains homeostasis and is crucial for postmitotic neurons. Thus, impaired autophagic processes in neurons lead to(More)
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