Yoshimi Wakai

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FR264205 is a novel parenteral 3'-aminopyrazolium cephalosporin. This study evaluated the in vitro and in vivo activities of FR264205 against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The MIC of FR264205 at which 90% of 193 clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were inhibited was 1 microg/ml, 8- to 16-fold lower than those of ceftazidime (CAZ), imipenem (IPM), and ciprofloxacin(More)
Sha (also known as Mrp/Mnh/Pha) is a Na+/H+ antiporter encoded by a cluster of six or seven genes that probably form a multisubunit transport complex. The Sha system is important for the homeostasis of H+, Na+, and other monovalent cations and plays a critical role in various functions, including alkaliphily, sporulation, and symbiosis. Here, we(More)
The efficacy of intravenous injection of FK463, a novel water-soluble lipopeptide, was evaluated in mouse models of disseminated candidiasis and aspergillosis and was compared with those of fluconazole (FLCZ) and amphotericin B (AMPH-B). In the candidiasis model, FK463 significantly prolonged the survival of intravenously infected mice at doses of 0.125(More)
The efficacy of FK463, a novel water-soluble lipopeptide, was evaluated in mouse models of pulmonary aspergillosis and was compared with that of amphotericin B (AMPH-B). In the pulmonary aspergillosis models induced by intranasal inoculation, FK463 exhibited good efficacy, with 50% effective doses in the range of 0. 26 to 0.51 mg/kg of body weight; these(More)
The immunoactive peptides, FK-156 and its analogue, FK-565 were evaluated in various models of mice immunosuppressed with cyclophosphamide, hydrocortisone, mitomycin C, carrageenan and tumor cells. Treatment with FK-156 (subcutaneous) and FK-565 (oral) markedly restored host defense ability against microbial infection. The therapeutic effect of ticarcillin(More)
SummaryThe tissue distribution of anti-tumour vascular endothelium monoclonal antibody (TES-23) produced by immunizing with plasma membrane vesicles from isolated rat tumour-derived endothelial cells (TECs) was assessed in various tumour-bearing animals. Radiolabelled TES-23 dramatically accumulated in KMT-17 fibrosarcoma, the source of isolated TECs after(More)
Conditioned medium prepared from mouse melanoma B16 cells (B16-CM) increases the macromolecular permeability of bovine aortic, venous and human umbilical vein endothelial monolayer. Collagen, which is synthesised by endothelial cells, has an important function in regulating the permeability of endothelial monolayer. Briefly, low collagen content leads to(More)
The host defense against respiratory tract infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae was much weaker in 60-week-old mice than in 4-week-old mice, but the resistance against systemic infection by intravenous and intraperitoneal challenge with K. pneumoniae in 60-week-old mice did not differ from that in 4-week-old mice. The number of alveolar macrophages at the(More)
Immunoconjugate targeting of solid tumors has not been routinely successful because the endo-thelial cells of blood vessels act as a physical barrier against the transport of macromolecules, such as antibodies. In the present study, we attempted to achieve tumor vascular targeting with an anti-tumor tissue endothelium-specific monoclonal antibody (TES-23).(More)
We have developed a new approach to antibody-based therapy of solid tumors by targeting tumor vascular endothelial cells (EC) which are essential for the growth of solid tumors. We investigated the effect of an antibody against tumor-derived endothelial cells (TEC) on the growth of solid tumors in rats. Intravenous administration of TES-23, a monoclonal(More)