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PURPOSE Facial expressions hold abundant information and play a central part in communication. In daily life, we must construct amicable interpersonal relationships by communicating through verbal and nonverbal behaviors. While school-age is a period of rapid social growth, few studies exist that study developmental changes in facial expression recognition(More)
Research has shown that there is a relationship between increased head circumference and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study examined this relationship during the first year of life in subjects with ASD. We compared 280 children with ASD and 609 controls. In the ASD-male group, increases were observed in head circumference from 3 to 12months, in(More)
Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) cause lethal infection in chickens. Severe cases of HPAIV infections have been also reported in mammals, including humans. In both mammals and birds, the relationship between host cytokine response to the infection with HPAIVs and lethal outcome has not been well understood. In the present study, the highly(More)
BACKGROUND Human outbreaks of Ebola virus (EBOV) are a serious human health concern in Central Africa. Great apes (gorillas/chimpanzees) are an important source of EBOV transmission to humans due to increased hunting of wildlife including the 'bush-meat' trade. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an highly immunogenic virus that has shown recent utility as a vaccine(More)
Avian influenza viruses A/duck/Mongolia/47/2001 (H7N1) (47/01) and A/duck/Mongolia/867/2002 (H7N1) (867/02) were defined as low-pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIVs) using an intravenous pathogenicity test in chickens. On the other hand, the intracerebral pathogenicity indices of 47/01 and 867/02 were 1.30 and 0.00, respectively. A series of(More)
It has been reported that school-aged children with high functioning pervasive developmental disorder (HFPDD) have numerous difficulties in their school class. We used three psychological tests to investigate whether there is a relationship between intelligence and cognitive, behavioral development in children with HFPDD. The three tests used were an(More)
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by autistic behavior as well as cognitive and motor skill loss that occurs early in life and almost exclusively affects females. We studied the neuroradiological findings from MRI, SPECT, and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in 4 cases of Rett syndrome. Three of the 4 cases were(More)
Autism is a syndrome that consists of disturbances in social interactions, communication and imagination, and its first-choice of therapy is education. Of special interest is the period of the onset and early diagnosis of autism, and its relation to the period of intervention. In retrospective studies from questionnaire and home videotape analysis, it has(More)
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