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Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with an extremely poor prognosis. Up to 2011, approximately 300 cases had been reported worldwide. The average age of onset is 60.5 years old, with a prevalence of males (2:1). A typical finding of PMME is a lobular or polyploid, well-circumscribed and pigmented tumor, partly covered with(More)
A novel biodegradable poly(lactic acid) microsphere formulation was evaluated for in vivo cytokine immunotherapy of cancer in a human tumor xenograft/ severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mouse model. Co-injection of interleukin-2 (IL-2)-loaded microspheres with tumor cells into a subcutaneous site resulted in the complete suppression of tumor(More)
PURPOSE The role of HER-2/neu in the response of esophageal cancer to radiation is not well known. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an anti-HER-2/neu antibody trastuzumab on the proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and radiosensitivity of esophageal cancer cell lines. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression of HER-2/neu protein by four(More)
In 97 patients (60, chemotherapy; 22, chemoradiotherapy; 15, radiotherapy), histopathologic effects were evaluated microscopically, and histologic response rates were compared among three neoadjuvant treatment modalities. Predictive factors for neoadjuvant therapies were analyzed by logistic regression, including the results of p53 immunohistochemical(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Ultrasonic coagulating shears were developed as an endosurgical device that allows cutting of vessels without ligation. In this study, we obtained basic data on the feasibility of dividing and sealing the thoracic duct by using ultrasonic coagulating shears. METHODOLOGY We obtained the thoracic duct and the left gastric artery from(More)
Here, it is established that human peripheral blood lymphocytes (HuPBLs), injected s.c. with a human lung tumor into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice, engraft and display antitumor cytotoxic activity. Initial studies used HuPBLs from normal donors and an allogeneic tumor cell line derived from biopsy tissue of a patient with a squamous cell(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (ESCC) has a poor prognosis among digestive tract cancers. Lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis are the major factors determining its prognosis. We used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to evaluate primary tumor lymph nodes and metastatic areas from ESCC patients in order to determine the relationship(More)
Five commonly used cationic liposome formulations were tested for their ability to deliver DNA to established subcutaneous human tumor xenografts in SCID mice. Liposomes were complexed with a mammalian expression plasmid containing the bacterial beta-galactosidase gene and delivered to tumors by direct injection. The optimal lipid to DNA ratios in vivo were(More)
In recent years, research on resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy in cancer treatment has come under the spotlight, and researchers have also begun investigating the relationship between resistance and cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells are assumed to be present in esophageal cancer, but experimental methods for identification and culture of these(More)
To study the antitumor effect of local production of interleukin-2 (IL-2) from tumor cells, the poorly immunogenic murine colon cancer cells, colon26, was transfected with murine IL-2 cDNA in a bovine papilloma virus vector. IL-2 gene transfectants (mIL2 + colon26) did not alter their growth rate compared with parental colon26 cells in vitro, but reduced(More)