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A gene encoding the mature Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) lacking the nick site in the A subunit by deleting tripeptides was introduced in a vector pNH301 and expressed extracellularly as mutant molecule of holotoxin at high levels in Bacilus brevis HPD31-S5 of the host bacterium. The mucosal adjuvant activities of the produced mutant LT(More)
Specific-pathogen-free 10-week-old chickens were inoculated via the air sac with Escherichia coli and showed lymphocytic depletion of bursa of Fabricius and thymus. In experiment I, chickens were necropsied at 12 and 24 hours, 2, 3, and 5 days after inoculation. At 12 hours after inoculation there was lymphocytic depletion in the medulla of lymphoid(More)
In adult C57BL/6 mice, a high-responder strain to ovalbumin, PCA and HA antibodies appeared at the same time after immunization. In young mice, on the other hand, the capacity to produce IgE antibodies against ovalbumin developed earlier than that to produce IgM or IgG antibodies.
Forty-eight of 134 chickens collected from a flock on a broiler farm were diagnosed pathologically and microbiologically to have colibacillosis. Both acute septicemia (seven birds, 1 to 36 days old) and subacute serositis (41 birds, 5 to 57 days old) were found. The former consisted of necrosis with fibrinous exudates in the ellipsoids and lymphoid(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute multisystem vasculitis of unknown etiology and is associated with marked activation of T cells and monocyte macrophages, leading to the assumption that superantigens are involved in its pathogenesis. To determine if an association exists between streptococcal superantigens and KD, we examined serum antibody responses to(More)
Outbreaks of Mycoplasma bovis-associated otitis media and pneumonia occurred on four beef cattle farms in Hokkaido, Japan between 2000 and 2001. The morbidity and mortality were estimated at 8-40 and 30-100%, respectively. Eight calves with bilateral ear droop and exudative otitis media were examined bacteriologically and histopathologically. M. bovis was(More)
Placental growth factor-2 (PlGF-2) exhibits neurotrophic activity in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons through the neuropilin-1 (NP-1) receptor in vitro. To examine the potential utility of PlGF-2 therapy for treating diabetic neuropathy, we performed intramuscular PlGF-2 gene transfer by electroporation, and examined its effects on sensory neuropathy in(More)