Yoshimasa Maeda

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Fungus-growing termites efficiently decompose plant litter through their symbiotic relationship with basidiomycete fungi of the genus Termitomyces. Here, we investigated phenol-oxidizing enzymes in symbiotic fungi and fungus combs (a substrate used to cultivate symbiotic fungi) from termites belonging to the genera Macrotermes, Odontotermes, and Microtermes(More)
Termitomyces-related symbiotic basidiomycetes in the nests of fungus-growing termites (Macrotermitinae) of several genera in Thailand were cultivated and analyzed phylogenetically based on the DNA sequence of nuclear ribosomal RNA genes. The relationships of the symbiotic fungi with host termites and their locality were apparently complex, supporting(More)
White rot fungi produce extracellular phenoloxidases and can decompose lignin efficiently. Elfvingia applanata has been successfully applied for the bioconversion of bisphenol A, suggesting the usefulness of white rot fungi for bioremediation. In order to attain real bioremediation, the recycling of ecomolecules in the ecosystem is important. The(More)
Gastrectomy (GX) is thought to result in osteomalacia due to deficiencies in Vitamin D and Ca. Using a GX rat model, we showed that GX induced high turnover of bone with hyperosteoidosis, prominent increase of mineralization and increased mRNA expression of both osteoclast-derived tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b and osteocalcin. The increased 1,(More)
The aim of the present study was to predict sustained virological response (SVR) to telaprevir with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin using viral response within 2 weeks after therapy initiation. Thirty-six patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) and high viral load were treated by telaprevir-based triple therapy. SVR was achieved in 72%(More)
A 57-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital with diarrhea, weight loss and malabsorption. Due to a high serum IgA level, we suspected α-heavy chain disease (α-HCD). However, no monoclonal IgA was detected on protein electrophoresis or immunofixation. Immunohistochemical staining of intestinal biopsy specimens showed proliferation of(More)
A 66-year-old woman underwent partial splenic embolization (PSE) for hypersplenism with idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH). One week later, contrast-enhanced CT revealed extensive portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and dilated portosystemic shunts. The PVT was not dissolved by the intravenous administration of urokinase. The right portal vein was canulated via(More)
AIM The present study aimed to evaluate pathological features of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) appearing hypointense on the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map, and to elucidate the association between the signal intensity on the ADC map and metastatic recurrences after hepatectomy. METHODS In total, 52 consecutive patients with initial(More)
Internal stents used during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) are generally spontaneously passed through the rectum by defecation. However, we encountered six patients with internal stents that migrated into the bile duct after PD. We herein report the outcomes of these six patients and the usefulness of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) for removal of such(More)
Entecavir requires long-term administration. Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) therapy leads to significant reduction of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs Ag) levels. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of adding PEG-IFN-α-2a to entecavir toward cessation of entecavir. A total of 23 patients treated with entecavir underwent add-on PEG-IFN-α-2a(More)